Documentation

This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English verison of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Please click here
To view all translated materals including this page, select Japan from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

polarhistogram

Histogram chart in polar coordinates

Syntax

polarhistogram(theta)
polarhistogram(theta,nbins)
polarhistogram(theta,edges)
polarhistogram('BinEdges',edges,'BinCounts',counts)
polarhistogram(___,Name,Value)
polarhistogram(pax,___)
h = polarhistogram(___)

Description

example

polarhistogram(theta) creates a histogram plot in polar coordinates by sorting the values in theta into equally spaced bins. Specify the values in radians.

example

polarhistogram(theta,nbins) uses the number of bins specified by the positive integer, nbins.

polarhistogram(theta,edges) sorts theta into bins with bin edges specified by the vector, edges. All bins include the left edge, but only the last bin includes the right edge. In other words, the last bin includes both edges.

polarhistogram('BinEdges',edges,'BinCounts',counts) uses the manually specified bin edges and associated bin counts. The polarhistogram function does not do any data binning.

example

polarhistogram(___,Name,Value) specifies additional options using one or more name-value pair arguments. For example, you can use semitransparent bars by specifying 'FaceAlpha' and a scalar value between 0 and 1.

polarhistogram(pax,___) plots into the polar axes specified by pax instead of into the current axes.

example

h = polarhistogram(___) returns the Histogram object. Use h to modify the histogram after it is created. For a list of properties, see Histogram Properties.

Examples

collapse all

Create a vector of values between 0 and . Create a histogram chart that shows the data sorted into six bins.

theta = [0.1 1.1 5.4 3.4 2.3 4.5 3.2 3.4 5.6 2.3 2.1 3.5 0.6 6.1];
polarhistogram(theta,6)

Create a histogram plot from 100,000 values between and , and sort the data into 25 bins.

theta = atan2(rand(100000,1)-0.5,2*(rand(100000,1)-0.5));
polarhistogram(theta,25);

Create a histogram chart in polar coordinates, and then change its appearance. Specify the bar colors by setting the FaceColor property to a character vector of a color name, such as 'red', or an RGB triplet. Specify the transparency by setting the FaceAlpha property to a value between 0 and 1.

theta = atan2(rand(100000,1)-0.5,2*(rand(100000,1)-0.5));
polarhistogram(theta,25,'FaceColor','red','FaceAlpha',.3);

Create a histogram chart in polar coordinates. Assign the histogram object to the variable h.

theta = atan2(rand(100000,1)-0.5,2*(rand(100000,1)-0.5));
h = polarhistogram(theta,25)
h = 
  Histogram with properties:

             Data: [100000x1 double]
           Values: [1x25 double]
          NumBins: 25
         BinEdges: [1x26 double]
         BinWidth: 0.2513
        BinLimits: [-3.1416 3.1416]
    Normalization: 'count'
        FaceColor: 'auto'
        EdgeColor: [0 0 0]

  Show all properties

Use h to access and modify properties of the histogram object after it is created. For example, show just the histogram outline by setting the DisplayStyle property of the histogram object.

h.DisplayStyle = 'stairs';

Input Arguments

collapse all

Data to distribute among bins, specified as a vector or a matrix. polarhistogram creates one histogram, regardless of whether you specify a vector or a matrix. Specify the values in radians. To convert degrees to radians, use deg2rad.

Values that correspond to the same angle direction differ by exactly 2π, and are sorted into the same bin. polarhistogram does not include NaN, Inf, and -Inf values in any bin.

Example: theta = [0 0.4 0.5 0.7 2.3 3.0 1.7 0.3];

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Number of bins, specified as a positive integer. If you do not specify nbins, then polarhistogram automatically calculates how many bins to use based on the values in theta.

Example: nbins = 15;

Bin edges, specified as a vector. The difference between the minimum and maximum edge values must be less than or equal to 2π.

Example: polarhistogram('BinEdges',[0 pi/3 pi 3*pi/2 2*pi],'BinCounts',[5 3 4 6])

Bin counts, specified as a vector. Use this option if you perform the bin counts calculation separately and you do not want polarhistogram to do any data binning.

Example: polarhistogram('BinEdges',[0 pi/3 pi 3*pi/2 2*pi],'BinCounts',[5 3 4 6])

PolarAxes object. If you do not specify the polar axes, then polarhistogram uses the current axes. polarhistogram does not support plotting into Cartesian axes.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (' '). You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'FaceAlpha',0.3) creates a histogram chart with semitransparent bars.

The histogram properties listed here are only a subset. For a complete list, see Histogram Properties.

collapse all

Bin limits, specified as a two-element vector of the form [bmin,bmax], where bmin is less than bmax.

This option plots a histogram using the input array values that fall between bmin and bmax inclusive. That is, theta(theta>=bmin & theta<=bmax).

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'BinLimits',[-pi/2 pi/2]) plots a histogram using only the values in theta that are between -pi/2 and pi/2 inclusive.

Width across the top of the bins, specified as a scalar less than 2π.

polarhistogram uses a maximum of 65,536 bins (or 216). If the specified bin width requires more bins, then polarhistogram uses the maximum number of bins and adjust the bin width accordingly.

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'BinWidth',pi) uses bins with a width of π.

Type of normalization, specified as one of the values in this table.

ValueDescription
'count'

Default normalization scheme. The height of each bar is the number of observations in each bin. The sum of the bar heights is numel(theta).

'probability'

The height of each bar is the relative number of observations, (number of observations in bin/total number of observations). The sum of the bar heights is 1.

'countdensity'

The height of each bar is the number of observations in bin/width of bin.

'pdf'

Probability density function estimate. The height of each bar is, (number of observations in the bin)/(total number of observations * width of bin). The area of each bar is the relative number of observations. The sum of the bar areas is 1.

'cumcount'

The height of each bar is the cumulative number of observations in each bin and all previous bins. The height of the last bar is numel(theta).

'cdf'

Cumulative density function estimate. The height of each bar is equal to the cumulative relative number of observations in the bin and all previous bins. The height of the last bar is 1.

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'Normalization','pdf') plots an estimate of the probability density function for theta.

Histogram display style, specified as one of these values:

  • 'stairs' — Display the histogram outline only.

  • 'bar' — Show each individual bar with a filled interior.

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'DisplayStyle','stairs') plots the outline of the histogram.

Transparency of histogram bars, specified as a scalar value between 0 and 1 inclusive. polarhistogram uses the same transparency for all the bars of the histogram. A value of 1 means fully opaque and 0 means completely transparent (invisible).

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'FaceAlpha',.5) creates a histogram plot with semi-transparent bars.

Histogram bar color, specified as 'auto', an RGB triplet, or one of the color options listed in the table. The default value of 'auto' lets the histogram choose the color.

For a custom color, specify an RGB triplet. An RGB triplet is a three-element row vector whose elements specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of the color. The intensities must be in the range [0,1]; for example, [0.4 0.6 0.7]. Alternatively, you can specify some common colors by name. This table lists the long and short color name options and the equivalent RGB triplet values.

OptionDescriptionEquivalent RGB Triplet
'red' or 'r'Red[1 0 0]
'green' or 'g'Green[0 1 0]
'blue' or 'b'Blue[0 0 1]
'yellow' or 'y'Yellow[1 1 0]
'magenta' or 'm'Magenta[1 0 1]
'cyan' or 'c'Cyan[0 1 1]
'white' or 'w'White[1 1 1]
'black' or 'k'Black[0 0 0]
'none'No colorNot applicable

If you specify DisplayStyle as 'stairs', then polarhistogram does not use the FaceColor property.

Example: polarhistogram(theta,'FaceColor','g') creates a histogram plot with green bars.

Limitations

  • polarhistogram does not support creating histograms of categorical data in polar axes.

Introduced in R2016b

Was this topic helpful?