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Retime Timetable

Resample or aggregate timetable data in the Live Editor

Since R2020a


The Retime Timetable task lets you interactively change the row times of a timetable and then resample or aggregate the data in its variables. The task automatically generates MATLAB® code for your live script.

Using this task, you can:

  • Interpolate data values at new row times.

  • Aggregate data into time bins (for example, to create a timetable containing quarterly means from monthly data).

  • Remove rows that have duplicate row times.

  • Make an irregular timetable into a regular one by specifying a uniform time step or sample rate.

Related Functions

Retime Timetable generates code that uses the retime function.

Retime Timetable task in Live Editor

Open the Task

To add the Retime Timetable task to a live script in the MATLAB Editor:

  • On the Live Editor tab, select Task > Retime Timetable.

  • In a code block in the script, type a relevant keyword, such as retime, timetable, upsample, or downsample. Select Retime Timetable from the suggested command completions. For some keywords, the task automatically updates one or more corresponding parameters.


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The example shows how to resample and aggregate data in a timetable by using the Retime Timetable Live Editor task. You also can apply different rules for adjusting timetable variables in different ways.

Resample Data

Create a timetable using column vectors of data. The row times are between 10 and 50 milliseconds.

Intensity = [100 98.7 95.2 101.4 99.1]';
Time = milliseconds([11 20 34 40.3 49.9])';
TT1 = timetable(Time,Intensity)
TT1=5×1 timetable
       Time       Intensity
    __________    _________

    0.011 sec         100  
    0.02 sec         98.7  
    0.034 sec        95.2  
    0.0403 sec      101.4  
    0.0499 sec       99.1  

Add the Retime Timetable task to your live script. Resample the data in TT.

  • To specify a sample rate of 100 Hz, use the Selection method menus.

  • To adjust the data in the Intensity variable by using linear interpolation, use the General rule menu.

Live Task
newTimetable=5×1 timetable
      Time      Intensity
    ________    _________

    0.01 sec     100.14  
    0.02 sec       98.7  
    0.03 sec       96.2  
    0.04 sec      101.1  
    0.05 sec     99.076  

Aggregate Data

Load a second timetable from the bostonTT MAT-file. This timetable has temperature, wind speed, and rainfall measurements for the city of Boston. The measurements are approximately six hours apart but are irregular.

load bostonTT
Boston=6×3 timetable
           Time            Temp    WindSpeed    Rain
    ___________________    ____    _________    ____

    2016-06-09 06:03:00    59.5       0.1       0.05
    2016-06-09 12:00:23      63       2.3       0.08
    2016-06-09 18:02:57    61.7       3.1       0.13
    2016-06-10 06:01:47    55.4       5.7       0.15
    2016-06-10 12:06:00    62.3       2.6       0.87
    2016-06-10 18:02:57    58.8       6.2       0.33

Add a second instance of the Retime Timetable task to your live script. Aggregate the data into daily time bins.

  • To specify a time step of one day, use the Selection method menus.

  • To calculate means of the timetable variables, use the General rule menu.

  • To specify a different rule for the Rain variable, use the Exceptions menus. Add an exception to interpolate rainfall measurements at the beginning of each day.

Live Task
newTimetable2=2×3 timetable
           Time             Temp     WindSpeed      Rain  
    ___________________    ______    _________    ________

    2016-06-09 00:00:00      61.4     1.8333      0.019529
    2016-06-10 00:00:00    58.833     4.8333       0.13993

Related Examples


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Specify the name from a list of all the nonempty timetables that are in the workspace.

Specify the method for calculating new row times of the timetable.

  • Time step — Length of time between consecutive regularly spaced row times.

  • Sample rate — Sample rate or frequency for regularly spaced row times.

  • Times from workspace — Workspace variable that is a vector of datetime or duration values. The times in the vector replace the row times of the timetable. The times need not be regularly spaced.

Specify the rule for adjusting data values in the variables of the timetable. The rule applies to all variables unless exceptions are specified. You can resample or aggregate data values to:

  • Fill gaps with missing data indicators or a constant value.

  • Interpolate data values to the new row times. For example, resample data measured at 100 Hz to 200 Hz.

  • Aggregate data into time bins. For example, calculate a daily mean from data values measured at every hour.

Click the Add button. Then specify a timetable variable from the drop-down list of variable names that appears.

  • To adjust the data in the specified variable, select a rule from the drop-down list of rules to the right of the variable name. The rule for the exception can differ from the general rule.

  • To specify exceptions for other timetable variables, click the + button to the right of the first exception. New drop-down lists of variable names and rules appear below the previous exception.

Version History

Introduced in R2020a

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See Also


Live Editor Tasks