Add title to current axes




title(str) adds the title consisting of a string, str, at the top and in the center of the current axes. Reissuing the title command causes the new title to replace the old title.


title(str,Name,Value) additionally specifies the title properties using one or more Name,Value pair arguments.


title(ax,___) adds the title to the axes specified by ax. This syntax allows you to specify the axes to which to add a title. ax can precede any of the input argument combinations in the previous syntaxes.


h = title(___) returns the handle to the text object used as the title. The handle is useful when making future modifications to the title.


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Add Title to Current Figure

Create a figure and display a title in the current axes.

title('My Title')

You also can call title with a function that returns a string. For example, the date function returns a string containing today's date.


MATLAB® sets the output of date as the axes title.

Include Variable's Value in Title

Include the value of variable c in a title.

f = 70;
c = (f-32)/1.8;
title(['Temperature is ',num2str(c),' C'])

Create Multicolored Title Using TeX Markup

In a TeX string, use the color modifier \color to change the color of characters following it from the previous color.

title(['\fontsize{16}black {\color{magenta}magenta '...
'\color[rgb]{0 .5 .5}teal \color{red}red} black again'])

Create Colored Title Using Name,Value Pair Argument

Use the Name,Value pair 'Color','m' to set the color of the title to magenta.

title('Case number # 3','Color', 'm')

Include Greek Symbols in Title

Use a TeX string to include Greek symbols in a title.

t = (0:0.01:0.2);
y = exp(-25*t);
title('y = \ite^{\lambda t}','Color','b')

The 'Interpreter' property must be 'tex' (the default).

Include Superscript or Subscript Character in Title

title('\alpha^2 and X_1')

The superscript character, "^", and the subscript character, "_", modify the character or substring defined in braces immediately following.

Create Multiline Title

Create a multiline title using a multiline cell array.

title({'First line';'Second line'})

Display Text As Typed

Set the Interpreter property as 'none' so that the string X_1 is displayed in the figure as typed, without making 1 a subscript of X.


MATLAB® displays the string X_1 in the title of the figure.

Add Title to Specific Axes

Create two subplots and return the handles to the axes objects, s(1) and s(2).

s(1) = subplot(2,1,1);
s(2) = subplot(2,1,2);

Add a title to each subplot by referring to its axes handle, s(1), or s(2).

title(s(1),'Top Plot')
title(s(2),'Bottom Plot')

Add Title and Return Text Handle

Add a title to a plot and return the text object.

t = title('My Title');

Set the color of the title to red. Starting in R2014b, you can use dot notation to set properties. If you are using an earlier release, use the set function instead.

t.Color = 'red';

Input Arguments

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str — Text to display as titlecharacter array | cell array | numeric value

Text to display as title, specified as a character array, cell array, or numeric value.

Example: 'my label'

Example: {'first line','second line'}

Example: 123

To include numeric variables with text in a title, use the num2str function. For example:

x = 42;
str = ['The value is ',num2str(x)];

To include special characters, such as superscripts, subscripts, Greek letters, or mathematical symbols use TeX markup. For a list of supported markup, see the Interpreter property.

To create multiline titles:

  • Use a cell array, where each cell contains a line of text, such as {'first line','second line'}.

  • Use a character array, where each row contains the same number of characters, such as ['abc'; 'ab '].

  • Use sprintf to create a string with a new line character, such as sprintf('first line \n second line').

Numeric titles are converted to text using sprintf('%g',value). For example, 12345678 displays as 1.23457e+07.

    Note:   The words default, factory, and remove are reserved words that will not appear in a title when quoted as a normal string. To display any of these words individually, precede them with a backslash, such as '\default' or '\remove'.

ax — Axes objectaxes object

Axes object. If you do not specify an axes, then the title function uses the current axes.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (' '). You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'Color','red','FontSize',14 adds a title with red, 14-point font.

In addition to the following, you can specify other text object properties using Name,Value pair arguments. See Text Properties.

'FontSize' — Font size11 (default) | scalar value greater than 0

Font size, specified as a scalar value greater than 0 in point units. One point equals 1/72 inch. To change the font units, use the FontUnits property.

Setting the font size properties for the associated axes also affects the title font size. The title font size updates to equal the axes font size times the title scale factor. The FontSize property of the axes contains the axes font size. The TitleFontSizeMultiplier property of the axes contains the scale factor. By default, the axes font size is 10 points and the scale factor is 1.1, so the title font size is 11 points.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

'FontWeight' — Thickness of text characters'bold' (default) | 'normal'

Thickness of the text characters, specified as one of these values:

  • 'bold' — Thicker characters outlines than normal

  • 'normal' — Normal weight as defined by the particular font

MATLAB® uses the FontWeight property to select a font from those available on your system. Not all fonts have a bold font weight. Therefore, specifying a bold font weight could still result in the normal font weight.

The TitleFontWeight property for the associated axes affects the FontWeight value for the title.

    Note:   The 'light' and 'demi' font weight values have been removed. Use 'normal' instead.

'FontName' — Font name'Helvetica' (default) | 'FixedWidth' | system supported font name

Font name, specified as the name of the font to use or the string 'FixedWidth'. To display and print properly, the font name must be a font that your system supports.

To use a fixed-width font that looks good in any locale, use the case-sensitive string 'FixedWidth'. The 'FixedWidth' value relies on the root FixedWidthFontName property. Setting the root FixedWidthFontName property causes an immediate update of the display to use the new font.

Example: 'Cambria'

'Color' — Text color[0 0 0] (default) | RGB triplet | color string | 'none'

Text color, specified as a three-element RGB triplet, a color string, or 'none'. The default color is black with an RGB triplet value of [0 0 0]. If you set the color to 'none', then the text is invisible.

An RGB triplet is a three-element row vector whose elements specify the intensities of the red, green, and blue components of the color. The intensities must be in the range [0,1], for example, [0.4 0.6 0.7]. This table lists RGB triplet values that have equivalent color strings.

Long NameShort NameRGB Triplet
'yellow''y'[1 1 0]
'magenta''m'[1 0 1]
'cyan''c'[0 1 1]
'red''r'[1 0 0]
'green''g'[0 1 0]
'blue''b'[0 0 1]
'white''w'[1 1 1]
'black''k'[0 0 0]

Example: 'blue'

Example: [0 0 1]

'Interpreter' — Interpretation of text characters'tex' (default) | 'latex' | 'none'

Interpretation of text characters, specified as one of these values:

  • 'tex' — Interpret text strings using a subset of TeX markup.

  • 'latex' — Interpret text strings using LaTeX markup.

  • 'none' — Display literal characters.

TeX Markup

By default, MATLAB supports a subset of TeX markup. Use TeX markup to add superscripts and subscripts, modify the text type and color, and include special characters in the text string.

This table lists the supported modifiers with the Interpreter property set to 'tex'. Modifiers remain in effect until the end of the string. Superscripts and subscripts are an exception because they only modify the next character or the text within the curly braces {}.

ModifierDescriptionExample of String
^{ }Superscript'text^{superscript}'
_{ }Subscript'text_{subscript}'
\bfBold font'\bf text'
\itItalic font'\it text'
\slOblique font (usually the same as italic font)'\sl text'
\rmNormal font'\rm text'
\fontname{specifier}Font name — Set specifier as the name of a font family. You can use this in combination with other modifiers.'\fontname{Courier} text'
\fontsize{specifier}Font size — Set specifier as a numeric scalar value in point units to change the font size.'\fontsize{15} text'
\color{specifier}Font color — Set specifer as one of these colors: red, green, yellow, magenta, blue, black, white, gray, darkGreen, orange, or lightBlue.'\color{magenta} text'
\color[rgb]{specifier}Custom font color — Set specifier as a three-element RGB triplet.'\color[rgb]{0,0.5,0.5} text'

This table lists the supported special characters with the Interpreter property set to 'tex'.

Character SequenceSymbolCharacter SequenceSymbolCharacter SequenceSymbol

























































































































































LaTeX Markup

To use LaTeX markup, set the Interpreter property to 'latex'. The displayed text uses the default LaTeX font style. The FontName, FontWeight, and FontAngle properties do not have an effect. To change the font style, use LaTeX markup within the text string.

The maximum size of the string that you can use with the LaTeX interpreter is 1200 characters. For multiline strings, this reduces by about 10 characters per line.

For more information about the LaTeX system, see The LaTeX Project Web site at

Output Arguments

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h — Text objecttext object

Text object used as the title. Use h to access and modify properties of the title after its created.

See Also



Introduced before R2006a

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