Hydraulic gate valve
Flow Control Valves
The Gate Valve block models a valve consisting of a round orifice in the valve housing and a flat gate, which moves perpendicular to the orifice axis. The orifice in the gate has the same diameter as the orifice in the housing. As the gate moves, it opens or closes the valve passage (shown as a shaded area in the following illustration).
The flow rate through the valve is proportional to the valve opening and to the pressure differential across the valve. The flow rate is determined according to the following equations:
|pA, pB||Gauge pressures at the block terminals|
|CD||Flow discharge coefficient|
|A(h)||Instantaneous orifice passage area|
|x||Gate displacement from initial position|
|Aleak||Closed valve leakage area|
|pcr||Minimum pressure for turbulent flow|
The minimum pressure for turbulent flow, pcr, is calculated according to the laminar transition specification method:
By pressure ratio — The transition from laminar to turbulent regime is defined by the following equations:
pcr = (pavg + patm)(1 – Blam)
pavg = (pA + pB)/2
|pavg||Average pressure between the block terminals|
|patm||Atmospheric pressure, 101325 Pa|
|Blam||Pressure ratio at the transition between laminar and turbulent regimes (Laminar flow pressure ratio parameter value)|
By Reynolds number — The transition from laminar to turbulent regime is defined by the following equations:
|DH||Valve instantaneous hydraulic diameter|
|ν||Fluid kinematic viscosity|
|Recr||Critical Reynolds number (Critical Reynolds number parameter value)|
Connections A and B are hydraulic conserving ports. Connection S is a physical signal
port that controls the gate displacement. The block positive direction is from port A to
port B. This means that the flow rate is positive if it flows from A to B, and the
pressure differential is determined as . Positive signal at the physical signal port
opens the valve.
No inertial effects are taken into account.
The diameter of the valve orifice. The orifices in the valve housing and
in the gate have the same diameter. The default value is
The initial opening of the valve. The parameter can take both positive and
negative values. The default value is
Semi-empirical parameter for valve capacity characterization. Its value
depends on the geometrical properties of the orifice, and usually is
provided in textbooks or manufacturer data sheets. The default value is
Select how the block transitions between the laminar and turbulent regimes:
Pressure ratio — The transition
from laminar to turbulent regime is smooth and depends on the value
of the Laminar flow pressure ratio parameter.
This method provides better simulation robustness.
Reynolds number — The transition
from laminar to turbulent regime is assumed to take place when the
Reynolds number reaches the value specified by the
Critical Reynolds number parameter.
Pressure ratio at which the flow transitions between laminar and turbulent
regimes. The default value is
0.999. This parameter is
visible only if the Laminar transition specification
parameter is set to
The maximum Reynolds number for laminar flow. The value of the parameter
depends on the orifice geometrical profile. You can find recommendations on
the parameter value in hydraulics textbooks. The default value is
10. This parameter is visible only if the
Laminar transition specification parameter is set
The total area of possible leaks in the completely closed valve. The main
purpose of the parameter is to maintain numerical integrity of the circuit
by preventing a portion of the system from getting isolated after the valve
is completely closed. The parameter value must be greater than 0. The
default value is
Parameters determined by the type of working fluid:
Fluid kinematic viscosity
The block has the following ports:
Hydraulic conserving port associated with the valve inlet.
Hydraulic conserving port associated with the valve outlet.
Physical signal port that controls the gate displacement. The signal applied to this port is treated as translational motion, in meters.