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Simscape Blocks in Simscape

Physical Modeling

Mechanical Models

Mechanical Sensors

Ideal Force Sensor Force sensor in mechanical translational systems
Ideal Rotational Motion Sensor Motion sensor in mechanical rotational systems
Ideal Torque Sensor Torque sensor in mechanical rotational systems
Ideal Translational Motion Sensor Motion sensor in mechanical translational systems

Mechanical Sources

Ideal Angular Velocity Source Ideal angular velocity source in mechanical rotational systems
Ideal Force Source Ideal source of mechanical energy that generates force proportional to the input signal
Ideal Torque Source Ideal source of mechanical energy that generates torque proportional to the input signal
Ideal Translational Velocity Source Ideal velocity source in mechanical translational systems

Mechanisms

Gear Box Gear box in mechanical systems
Lever Generic mechanical lever
Wheel and Axle Wheel and axle mechanism in mechanical systems

Rotational Elements

Inertia Ideal mechanical rotational inertia
Mechanical Rotational Reference Reference connection for mechanical rotational ports
Rotational Damper Viscous damper in mechanical rotational systems
Rotational Free End Rotational port terminator with zero torque
Rotational Friction Friction in contact between rotating bodies
Rotational Hard Stop Double-sided rotational hard stop
Rotational Spring Ideal spring in mechanical rotational systems

Translational Elements

Mass Ideal mechanical translational mass
Mechanical Translational Reference Reference connection for mechanical translational ports
Translational Damper Viscous damper in mechanical translational systems
Translational Free End Translational port terminator with zero force
Translational Friction Friction in contact between moving bodies
Translational Hard Stop Double-sided translational hard stop
Translational Spring Ideal spring in mechanical translational systems

Electrical Models

Electrical Elements

Capacitor Linear capacitor in electrical systems
Diode Piecewise linear diode in electrical systems
Electrical Reference Connection to electrical ground
Gyrator Ideal gyrator in electrical systems
Ideal Transformer Ideal transformer in electrical systems
Inductor Linear inductor in electrical systems
Infinite Resistance Electrical element for setting initial voltage difference between two nodes
Mutual Inductor Mutual inductor in electrical systems
Op-Amp Ideal operational amplifier
Open Circuit Electrical port terminator that draws no current
Resistor Linear resistor in electrical systems
Rotational Electromechanical Converter Interface between electrical and mechanical rotational domains
Switch Switch controlled by external physical signal
Translational Electromechanical Converter Interface between electrical and mechanical translational domains
Variable Resistor Linear variable resistor in electrical systems

Electrical Sensors

Current Sensor Current sensor in electrical systems
Voltage Sensor Voltage sensor in electrical systems

Electrical Sources

AC Current Source Ideal sinusoidal current source
AC Voltage Source Ideal constant voltage source
Controlled Current Source Ideal current source driven by input signal
Controlled Voltage Source Ideal voltage source driven by input signal
Current-Controlled Current Source Linear current-controlled current source
Current-Controlled Voltage Source Linear current-controlled voltage source
DC Current Source Ideal constant current source
DC Voltage Source Ideal constant voltage source
Voltage-Controlled Current Source Linear voltage-controlled current source
Voltage-Controlled Voltage Source Linear voltage-controlled voltage source

Electromagnetic Models

Magnetic Elements

Electromagnetic Converter Lossless electromagnetic energy conversion device
Fundamental Reluctance Simplified implementation of magnetic reluctance
Magnetic Reference Reference connection for magnetic ports
Reluctance Magnetic reluctance
Reluctance Force Actuator Magnetomotive device based on reluctance force
Variable Reluctance Variable reluctance in electromagnetic systems

Magnetic Sensors

Flux Sensor Ideal flux sensor
MMF Sensor Ideal magnetomotive force sensor

Magnetic Sources

Controlled Flux Source Ideal flux source driven by input signal
Controlled MMF Source Ideal magnetomotive force source driven by input signal
Flux Source Ideal flux source
MMF Source Ideal magnetomotive force source

Hydraulic Models

Hydraulic Elements

Constant Area Hydraulic Orifice Hydraulic orifice with constant cross-sectional area
Constant Volume Hydraulic Chamber Hydraulic capacity of constant volume
Fluid Inertia Pressure differential across tube or channel due to change in fluid velocity
Hydraulic Cap Hydraulic port terminator with zero flow
Hydraulic Piston Chamber Variable volume hydraulic capacity in cylinders
Hydraulic Reference Connection to atmospheric pressure
Hydraulic Resistive Tube Hydraulic pipeline which accounts for friction losses only
Infinite Hydraulic Resistance Hydraulic element for setting initial pressure difference between two nodes
Linear Hydraulic Resistance Hydraulic pipeline with linear resistance losses
Rotational Hydro-Mechanical Converter Interface between hydraulic and mechanical rotational domains
Translational Hydro-Mechanical Converter Interface between hydraulic and mechanical translational domains
Variable Area Hydraulic Orifice Hydraulic variable orifice created by cylindrical spool and sleeve
Variable Hydraulic Chamber Hydraulic capacity of variable volume with compressible fluid

Hydraulic Sensors

Hydraulic Flow Rate Sensor Ideal flow meter
Hydraulic Pressure Sensor Ideal pressure sensing device

Hydraulic Sources

Hydraulic Constant Flow Rate Source Ideal source of hydraulic energy, characterized by constant flow rate
Hydraulic Constant Pressure Source Ideal source of hydraulic energy, characterized by constant pressure
Hydraulic Flow Rate Source Ideal source of hydraulic energy, characterized by flow rate
Hydraulic Pressure Source Ideal source of hydraulic energy, characterized by pressure

Hydraulic Utilities

Custom Hydraulic Fluid Working fluid properties, set by specifying parameter values

Pneumatic Models

Pneumatic Elements

Adiabatic Cup Thermal element with no thermal mass and perfect insulation
Constant Area Pneumatic Orifice Sharp-edged orifice in pneumatic systems
Constant Area Pneumatic Orifice (ISO 6358) Fixed-area pneumatic orifice complying with ISO 6358 standard
Constant Volume Pneumatic Chamber Constant volume pneumatic chamber based on ideal gas law
Infinite Pneumatic Resistance Pneumatic element for setting initial pressure and temperature difference between two nodes
Pneumatic Absolute Reference Reference connection to zero absolute pressure and temperature for pneumatic ports
Pneumatic Atmospheric Reference Reference connection to ambient pressure and temperature for pneumatic ports
Pneumatic Piston Chamber Translational pneumatic piston chamber based on ideal gas law
Pneumatic Resistive Tube Pneumatic pipe accounting for pressure loss and added heat due to flow resistance
Rotary Pneumatic Piston Chamber Rotational pneumatic piston chamber based on ideal gas law
Rotational Pneumatic-Mechanical Converter Interface between pneumatic and mechanical rotational domains
Variable Area Pneumatic Orifice Sharp-edged variable-area orifice in pneumatic systems

Pneumatic Sensors

Pneumatic Mass & Heat Flow Sensor Ideal mass flow and heat flow sensor
Pneumatic Pressure & Temperature Sensor Ideal pressure and temperature sensor

Pneumatic Sources

Controlled Pneumatic Flow Rate Source Ideal compressor with signal-controlled mass flow rate
Controlled Pneumatic Pressure Source Ideal compressor with signal-controlled pressure difference
Pneumatic Flow Rate Source Ideal compressor with constant mass flow rate
Pneumatic Pressure Source Ideal compressor with constant pressure difference

Pneumatic Utilities

Gas Properties Pneumatic domain properties for attached circuit

Thermal Models

Thermal Elements

Conductive Heat Transfer Heat transfer by conduction
Convective Heat Transfer Heat transfer by convection
Infinite Thermal Resistance Thermal element for setting initial temperature difference between two nodes
Perfect Insulator Thermal element with perfect insulation and no thermal mass
Radiative Heat Transfer Heat transfer by radiation
Thermal Mass Mass in thermal systems
Thermal Reference Reference connection for thermal ports

Thermal Sensors

Ideal Heat Flow Sensor Ideal heat flow meter
Ideal Temperature Sensor Ideal temperature sensor

Thermal Sources

Ideal Heat Flow Source Ideal source of thermal energy, characterized by heat flow
Ideal Temperature Source Ideal source of thermal energy, characterized by temperature

Thermal Liquid Models

Elements

Absolute Reference (TL) Reference connection for thermal liquid ports
Cap (TL) Liquid flow stop
Constant Volume Chamber (TL) Rigid enclosure with fixed liquid volume
Controlled Reservoir (TL) Infinite reservoir at variable temperature
Infinite Flow Resistance (TL) Thermal liquid element for setting initial pressure and temperature difference between two nodes
Local Restriction (TL) Narrow opening with constant cross-sectional area
Pipe (TL) Rigid conduit for liquid transport
Reservoir (TL) Infinite reservoir at fixed temperature
Rotational Mechanical Converter (TL) Interface between liquid and rotational mechanical subsystems
Translational Mechanical Converter (TL) Interface between liquid and translational mechanical subsystems
Variable Local Restriction (TL) Narrow opening with variable cross-sectional area

Sensors

Mass Flow Rate & Thermal Flux Sensor (TL) Ideal sensor that measures mass flow rate and thermal flux
Pressure & Temperature Sensor (TL) Ideal sensor for measuring the relative pressure and temperature between two points

Sources

Controlled Mass Flow Rate Source (TL) Ideal compressor that generates a variable mass flow rate through its inlets
Controlled Pressure Source (TL) Ideal compressor that generates a variable pressure differential across its inlets
Mass Flow Rate Source (TL) Ideal compressor that generates a constant mass flow rate through its inlets
Pressure Source (TL) Ideal compressor that generates a constant pressure differential across its inlets

Utilities

Thermal Liquid Settings (TL) Thermodynamic properties of the liquid medium

Physical Signal Manipulation

Delays

PS Constant Delay Delay input physical signal by specified time
PS Variable Delay Delay input physical signal by variable time

Discrete

Asynchronous Sample & Hold Output sample-and-hold signal with external trigger

Functions

PS Add Add two physical signal inputs
PS Divide Compute simple division of two input physical signals
PS Gain Multiply input physical signal by constant
PS Math Function Apply mathematical function to input physical signal
PS Product Multiply two physical signal inputs
PS Subtract Compute simple subtraction of two input physical signals

Linear Operators

PS Integrator Integrate physical signal

Lookup Tables

PS Lookup Table (1D) Approximate one-dimensional function using specified lookup method
PS Lookup Table (2D) Approximate two-dimensional function using specified lookup method

Nonlinear Operators

PS Abs Output absolute value of input physical signal
PS Ceil Output the smallest integer larger than or equal to input physical signal
PS Dead Zone Provide region of zero output for physical signals
PS Fix Round input physical signal toward zero
PS Floor Output the largest integer smaller than or equal to input physical signal
PS Max Output maximum of two input physical signals
PS Min Output minimum of two input physical signals
PS Round Round input physical signal toward nearest integer
PS Saturation Limit range of physical signal
PS Sign Output sign of input physical signal
PS Switch Single-pole double-throw switch controlled by external physical signal

Sinks

PS Terminator Terminator for unconnected physical signal outputs

Sources

Counter Increment output signal by 1 with every time step
PS Constant Generate constant physical signal
Random Number Generate normally distributed random numbers for physical modeling
Repeating Sequence Output periodic piecewise linear signal
Uniform Random Number Generate uniformly distributed random numbers for physical modeling

Utilities

Connection Port Physical Modeling connector port for subsystem
PS-Simulink Converter Convert physical signal into Simulink output signal
Simulink-PS Converter Convert Simulink input signal into physical signal
Solver Configuration Physical Networks environment and solver configuration
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