Main Content

Corporate Feed Divider Network for a Linear Patch Antenna array

This example shows how to integrate a corporate power divider with a microstrip patch antenna array. The corporate power divider is available as a catalog element in RF PCB Toolbox. The patch antenna array is built using the patchMicrostripInsetfed catalog element and pcbStack from Antenna Toolbox.

Create Variables

Create the common variables.

f = 5e9;
c = physconst('lightspeed');

Create Corporate Power Divider

Use the powerDividerCorporate object to design the corporate power divider at 5 GHz and adjust the spacing to wavelength. Use the show function to visualize it.

pdc = powerDividerCorporate;
pdc = design(pdc,f);
pdc.SplitterElement.Substrate.LossTangent = 0;
pdc.PortSpacing = c/f;
pdc.PortLineLength = 10e-3;
pdc.GroundPlaneWidth = pdc.PortSpacing*4;
figure,show(pdc);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title powerDividerCorporate element contains 12 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent PEC, feed, Teflon, load.

Use the sparameters function with Behavioral set to true.Plot s-parameters using the rfplot function. As the computation takes time, load the pre-computed mat file and plot the result using rfplot.

% out = sparameters(pdc,linspace(4e9,6e9,31),'Behavioral',true);
load pdc.mat
figure;
rfplot(sparPDC);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains 25 objects of type line. These objects represent dB(S_{11}), dB(S_{21}), dB(S_{31}), dB(S_{41}), dB(S_{51}), dB(S_{12}), dB(S_{22}), dB(S_{32}), dB(S_{42}), dB(S_{52}), dB(S_{13}), dB(S_{23}), dB(S_{33}), dB(S_{43}), dB(S_{53}), dB(S_{14}), dB(S_{24}), dB(S_{34}), dB(S_{44}), dB(S_{54}), dB(S_{15}), dB(S_{25}), dB(S_{35}), dB(S_{45}), dB(S_{55}).

Create Inset Fed Patch Antenna

Use the patchMicrostripInsetfed object to design a microstrip inset fed patch that resonates at 5 GHz.

ant = patchMicrostripInsetfed;
ant.Substrate = dielectric('Teflon');
ant = design(ant,5e9);
ant.Height = 1.6e-3;
ant.Length = 20.5e-3;
ant.Width = 20.5e-3;
ant.StripLineWidth = pdc.PortLineWidth;
ant.NotchWidth = 7.1e-3;
ant.NotchLength = 5.9e-3;

Use the sparameters function to calculate the sparameters. As it takes more time to complete the simulation the pre-computed result is loaded.

% out = sparameters(ant,linspace(4e9,6e9,31));

Load the mat file and plot the sparameters using rfplot function.

load patch.mat
figure,rfplot(out);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type line. This object represents dB(S_{11}).

Create pcbStack for Antenna

Use the pcbStack object to convert the patch antenna into a pcb stack so that the shape of the top layer can be extracted from the Layers property. Convert into a linear array of 4 elements. The patch is extracted from the Layers property of the pcbStack and the shape is copied and converted into a linear array.

pcbant = pcbStack(ant);
TopLayer = pcbant.Layers{1};
TopLayer1 = copy(TopLayer);
for i = 2:4
    a = copy(TopLayer1);
    a = translate(a,[0,pdc.PortSpacing*(i-1),0]);
    TopLayer = TopLayer+a;
end
TopLayer = translate(TopLayer,[-ant.FeedLocation(1)+pdc.GroundPlaneLength/2,-pdc.PortSpacing*1.5,0]);

Create pcbComponent for Corporate Power Divider

Use the pcbComponent object and convert the corporate power divider into a PCB Component. Create a new pcbStack object to construct the cascade of power divider corporate and patch antennas. Assign all the properties of the pcbComponent to the pcbStack and then add the top layer of the corporate power divider with the patch antenna array and visualize it.

pcbcomp = pcbComponent(pdc);

pcbant1 = pcbStack;
pcbant1.BoardShape = pcbcomp.BoardShape;
pcbant1.BoardThickness =pcbcomp.BoardThickness;
pcbant1.Layers = pcbcomp.Layers;
pcbant1.FeedDiameter = pcbcomp.FeedDiameter;
pcbant1.FeedViaModel = pcbcomp.FeedViaModel;
pcbant1.FeedLocations = pcbcomp.FeedLocations;
pcbant1.Load = pcbcomp.Load;

a = pcbant1.Layers{1};
finalShape = a+TopLayer;
pcbant1.Layers{1} = finalShape;
feed = pcbant1.FeedLocations(1,:);
pcbant1.FeedLocations = feed;
gnd = pcbant1.Layers{3};
gnd.Length = gnd.Length+50e-3;
gnd.Width   = gnd.Width-20e-3;
gnd.Center(1) = 50e-3/2;
pcbant1.Layers{3} = gnd;
pcbant1.BoardShape = gnd;
figure,show(pcbant1);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title pcbStack antenna element contains 9 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent PEC, feed, Teflon, load.

Use the mesh function to manually mesh the structure and use the sparameters function to compute the s-parameters. Generating a mesh and computing the result takes a lot of time as the structure is large compared to the wavelength. Hence the lines are commented out.

% figure,mesh(pcbant1,'MaxEdgeLength',6e-3);
% spar = sparameters(pcbant1,linspace(4e9,6e9,21));
% figure,pattern(pcbant1,4.9e9)

Load the precomputed result from PDCpatch.mat file and plot the results.

load PDCpatch.mat
figure;
rfplot(spar)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type line. This object represents dB(S_{11}).

Use the patternCustom function to plot the 2-D or 3-D radiation pattern of an antenna magnitude, magE over the specified phi and theta angle vectors.

phi = az';
theta = (90-el);
MagE = pat';
figure;
patternCustom(MagE,theta,phi);