This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Hankel Singular Values

In control theory, eigenvalues define a system stability, whereas Hankel singular values define the “energy” of each state in the system. Keeping larger energy states of a system preserves most of its characteristics in terms of stability, frequency, and time responses. Model reduction techniques presented here are all based on the Hankel singular values of a system. They can achieve a reduced-order model that preserves the majority of the system characteristics.

Mathematically, given a stable state-space system (A,B,C,D), its Hankel singular values are defined as [1]


where P and Q are controllability and observability grammians satisfying


For example, generate a random 30-state system and plot its Hankel singular values.

G = rss(30,4,3);

The plot shows shows that system G has most of its “energy” stored in states 1 through 15 or so. Later, you will see how to use model reduction routines to keep a 15-state reduced model that preserves most of its dynamic response.

Related Examples

More About