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Chirp Z-Transform

The chirp Z-transform (CZT) is useful in evaluating the Z-transform along contours other than the unit circle. The chirp Z-transform is also more efficient than the DFT algorithm for the computation of prime-length transforms, and it is useful in computing a subset of the DFT for a sequence. The chirp Z-transform, or CZT, computes the Z-transform along spiral contours in the z-plane for an input sequence. Unlike the DFT, the CZT is not constrained to operate along the unit circle, but can evaluate the Z-transform along contours described by z = AW–ℓ,  = 0, …, M – 1, where A is the complex starting point, W is a complex scalar describing the complex ratio between points on the contour, and M is the length of the transform.

One possible spiral is

A = 0.8*exp(j*pi/6);
W = 0.995*exp(-j*pi*.05);
M = 91;
z = A*(W.^(-(0:M-1)));
zplane([],z.')

czt(x,M,W,A) computes the Z-transform of x on these points.

An interesting and useful spiral set is m evenly spaced samples around the unit circle, parameterized by A = 1 and W = exp(-j*pi/M). The Z-transform on this contour is simply the DFT, obtained by

y = czt(x)

czt may be faster than the fft function for computing the DFT of sequences with certain odd lengths, particularly long prime-length sequences.