Profiler captures performance data while your model simulates. It identifies the parts of your model that require the most time to simulate. Use the profiling information to decide where to focus your model optimization efforts.
You cannot use Profiler in Rapid Accelerator mode.
Simulink^{®} stores performance data in the simulation profile report. The data shows the time spent executing each function in your model.
The basis for Profiler is an execution model that this pseudocode summarizes.
Sim() ModelInitialize(). ModelExecute() for t = tStart to tEnd Output() Update() Integrate() Compute states from derivs by repeatedly calling: MinorOutput() MinorDeriv() Locate any zero crossings by repeatedly calling: MinorOutput() MinorZeroCrossings() EndIntegrate Set time t = tNew. EndModelExecute ModelTerminate EndSim
According to this conceptual model, Simulink runs a model by invoking the following functions zero, one, or many times, depending on the function and the model.
Function | Purpose | Level |
---|---|---|
sim | Simulate the model. This top-level function invokes the other functions required to simulate the model. The time spent in this function is the total time required to simulate the model. | System |
ModelInitialize | Set up the model for simulation. | System |
ModelExecute | Execute the model by invoking the output, update, integrate, etc., functions for each block at each time step from the start to the end of simulation. | System |
Output | Compute the outputs of a block at the current time step. | Block |
Update | Update the state of a block at the current time step. | Block |
Integrate | Compute the continuous states of a block by integrating the state derivatives at the current time step. | Block |
MinorOutput | Compute block output at a minor time step. | Block |
MinorDeriv | Compute the state derivatives of a block at a minor time step. | Block |
MinorZeroCrossings | Compute zero-crossing values of a block at a minor time step. | Block |
ModelTerminate | Free memory and perform any other end-of-simulation cleanup. | System |
Nonvirtual Subsystem | Compute the output of a nonvirtual subsystem at the current time step by invoking the output, update, integrate, etc., functions for each block that it contains. The time spent in this function is the time required to execute the nonvirtual subsystem. | Block |
Profiler measures the time required to execute each invocation of these functions. After the model simulates, Profiler generates a report that describes the amount of simulation time spent on each function.
Open the model.
Select Analysis > Performance Tools > Show Profiler Report.
Simulate the model.
When simulation is complete, Simulink generates and displays the simulation profile for the model in a MATLAB^{®} web browser.
The summary file displays the following performance totals.
Item | Description |
---|---|
Total Recorded Time |
Total time required to simulate the model |
Number of Block Methods |
Total number of invocations of block-level functions
(e.g., |
Number of Internal Methods |
Total number of invocations of system-level functions
(e.g., |
Number of Model Methods |
Number of methods called by the model |
Number of Nonvirtual Subsystem Methods |
Total number of invocations of nonvirtual subsystem functions |
Clock Precision |
Precision of the profiler's time measurement |
Clock Speed |
Speed of the profiler's time measurement |
The function list shows summary profiles for each function invoked to simulate the model. For each function listed, the summary profile specifies this information.
Item | Description |
---|---|
Name |
Name of function. This item is a hyperlink. Click it to display a detailed profile of this function. |
Time |
Total time spent executing all invocations of this function as an absolute value and as a percentage of the total simulation time. |
Calls |
Number of times this function was invoked. |
Time/Call |
Average time required for each invocation of this function, including the time spent in functions invoked by this function. |
Self Time |
Total time required to execute this function, excluding time spent in functions called by this function. |
Location |
Specifies the block or model executed for which this function is invoked. This item is a hyperlink. Click it to highlight the corresponding element in the model diagram. |
This section of the report contains detailed profiles for each function that Simulink invoked to simulate the model. In addition to the information in the summary profile for the function, the detailed profile displays the function (parent function) that invoked the profiled function and the functions (child functions) invoked by the profiled function. Click the name of the parent or a child function to see the detailed profile for that function.
Enabling Profiler on a parent model does not enable profiling for referenced models. You must enable profiling separately for each referenced model. Profiling occurs only if the referenced model executes in Normal mode. See Normal Mode for more information.
Reports for the referenced models are different from that of the parent model.
You can save the Profiler report to a variable in the MATLAB workspace,
and after that, to a mat
file. At a later time,
you can regenerate and review the report.
Save the Profiler report for a model vdp
to
the variable profile1
and to the data file report1.mat
.
In the Simulink Profiler Report window,
in the Summary section, click click
here link. Simulink saves the report data to the
variable vdpProfileData
.
Review the report. At the MATLAB command prompt, enter:
slprofreport
(vdpProfileData
)
Save the data to a variable named profile1
in
the base workspace.
profile1 = vdpProfileData;
Save the data to a mat
file named report1
.
save report1 profile1
To view the report later, at the MATLAB command prompt, enter:
load report1 slprofreport(profile1);