Work with Requirements in the Requirements Editor
Requirements Toolbox™ enables you to author, organize, and edit requirements in the Requirements Editor. When working in a Simulink® model, you can use the Requirements Perspective to visualize the links between requirements and the parts of a model. Using an integrated environment simplifies linking requirements to the parts of your model that implement them.
This integrated environment has other advantages. For more information, see Introduction to Requirements Toolbox.
Author Requirements in MATLAB or Simulink
In Requirements Toolbox, you organize your requirements in groups called requirement sets. In each requirement set, you can create additional levels of hierarchy if you need to further describe a requirement's details.
In this tutorial, you use the Requirements Editor to create a requirement set, organize related requirements, and add requirements to the set. If you have Simulink, you can also use the Requirements Perspective to author requirements without leaving the Simulink Editor. For more information about using the Requirements Perspective, see Link Blocks and Requirements.
Suppose that you are writing requirements for a controller model of an automobile cruise control system. You develop these requirements using your company’s numbering standard (R1, R2, and so on).
|ID and Description||Rationale|
|R1: The maximum input throttle is 100%||The maximum value of the throttle from the acceleration pedal can be no greater than 100%.|
|R2: Cruise control has a speed operation range||Cruise control has a minimum and maximum operating speed.|
|R2.1: The vehicle speed must be at least 40 km/h||The speed of the vehicle must be at least 40 km/h for the cruise control system to engage.|
|R2.2: The vehicle speed cannot be greater than 100 km/h||The maximum operational speed of the cruise control system for the vehicle is 100 km/h.|
These requirements capture functionality modeled in a model called
Open the project that includes the model and supporting files. At the MATLAB® command prompt, enter:
Open the requirement set
crs_reqin the Requirements Editor. At the command prompt, enter:
The Requirements Editor displays the requirements arranged by requirement set. The project has two requirement sets:
Add a requirement set. From the Requirements Editor toolstrip, click New Requirement Set.
Save the requirement sets to external files. Save your requirement set to a writable location and name it
Add a requirement to your requirement set by selecting the requirement set and clicking Add Requirement.
In the right pane, under Properties, enter the details for the requirement. Enter the details for the requirement:
Custom ID: R1
Summary: Max input throttle %
Description: The maximum input throttle is 100%.
If you do not specify a custom ID, the Requirements Editor numbers requirements in order. Custom IDs enable you to use your company standards for labeling requirements and to set the numeric order. (Custom IDs cannot contain a # character.) You can also use an ID to help locate a requirement when searching. Keywords aid in searching for a requirement.
Create the requirement
R2. Click Add Requirement. Enter the details for the requirement:
Custom ID: R2
Summary: Cruise control speed operation range
Description: Cruise control has a minimum and maximum operating speed.
Create child requirements for
R2and clicking Add Requirement > Add Child Requirement. Enter the details for the requirement:
Custom ID: R2.1
Summary: Minimum vehicle speed
Description: The speed of the vehicle must be at least 40 km/h for the cruise control system to engage.
Repeat this step to add other child requirements to
You can rearrange the hierarchy by using Promote Requirement or Demote Requirement.
Author and Edit Requirements Content by Using Microsoft Word
To author and edit the Description and Rationale fields of your requirements, open Microsoft® Word from within the Requirements Editor or the Requirements Perspective View.
This functionality is available only on Microsoft Windows® platforms.
Using Microsoft Word to edit rich text requirements enables you to:
Spell-check requirements content.
Insert and edit equations.
Insert and edit tables.
On the Edit field toolbar, in either the Description or Rationale fields, click the icon. Save the changes to your requirements content within Microsoft Word to see them reflected in Requirements Toolbox.
When you use Microsoft Word to edit requirements content, you cannot edit requirements in the built-in editor.
Customize Requirements Browser View
You can view or hide columns in the Requirements Editor when you click Columns > Select Attributes. Add, remove, and reorder attribute columns in the Column Selector. The
view configuration is saved across sessions. You can export view settings to a MAT-file
by using the
slreq.exportViewSettings function and import them by using the
slreq.importViewSettings function. You can reset view configurations by
Filter Requirements Content
You can search requirements content by clicking Search. You can find specific requirements within loaded requirement sets based on requirement attributes and descriptions.
Specify Filter Text Strings — As you enter text in the Search text box, the Requirements Browser performs a dynamic search and displays the results. The search operation applies only to attributes you choose to display in the Requirements Browser.
The text strings you enter must be consistent with the guidelines described in the following sections.
Case Sensitivity — By default, the Requirements Browser ignores case as it filters.
If you want the Requirements Browser to respect case sensitivity, put that text string in quotation marks.
Specify Attributes and Attribute Values — To restrict the filtering to requirements with a specific attribute, type the attribute name, followed by a colon. The Requirements Browser displays only the requirements that have that attribute.
To filter for requirements for which a
specific attribute has a specific value, type the attribute name, followed by a colon
(:), then the value. For example, to filter the contents to display only the
requirements where the
Summary attribute has a value that includes
(alternatively, you could put the whole string in quotation marks to enforce case
MATLAB Expressions Are Not Supported — The Requirements
Browser does not recognize wildcard characters, such as *. For example, searching
fuel* returns no results, even if
requirements contain the text string
Also, if you specify a MATLAB expression in the Search text box, the Requirements Browser interprets that string as literal text, not as a MATLAB expression.