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How can I insert a title over a group of subplots?

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I would like to place a title over a group of subplots. How can I do this?

Accepted Answer

MathWorks Support Team
MathWorks Support Team on 23 Jan 2020
Edited: MathWorks Support Team on 23 Jan 2020
As of MATLAB R2018b, the sgtitle function will add a title over a group of subplots.
For earlier releases, check out the user-contributed mtit File Exchange submission for this functionality. If you have any questions, consult the author.
function gives you a similar functionality.

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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 18 Jun 2018
suptitle() is part of the Bioinformatics toolbox.
Joakim Wang Erlandsson
Joakim Wang Erlandsson on 16 Oct 2018
>It is not possible to put a title over a group of subplots in MATLAB. >There is a user contributed function that places a title over a group of subplots
But good god just fix it then. Plotting in matlab is is joke (a sad one), always forced to resort to user provided workarounds...

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More Answers (7)

jcjaimes
jcjaimes on 15 Dec 2016
Suptitle does the job
x=1:0.01:10;
subplot(2,2,1); plot(sin(x))
subplot(2,2,2); plot(cos(x))
subplot(2,2,3); plot(cos(x.^2))
subplot(2,2,4); plot(sin(x.^2))
suptitle('I am a super title')

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Chirag Parekh
Chirag Parekh on 30 Dec 2016
@jcjaimes Thanks!! 'suptitle' is not an inbuilt MATLAB function. It is part of a demo in Bioinformatics Toolbox, so it might not be available to all.

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Paul Huxel
Paul Huxel on 9 Oct 2018
Starting in R2018b, you can use sgtitle to add a title to subplot grids:

Jonathan Beard
Jonathan Beard on 9 May 2017
Here's a solution that doesn't require additional functions.
figure;
subplot(2, 1, 1);
plot(nan, nan);
subplot(2, 1, 2);
plot(nan, nan);
currentFigure = gcf;
title(currentFigure.Children(end), 'blah');

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Jeffrey Roth
Jeffrey Roth on 19 Feb 2019
A problem with sgtitle (at least on the linux distro) is that it seems to be persistent, meaning once you put an sgtitle into the figure you cannot get rid of it. How can one clear an sgtitle?
Not being able to clear it complicates making AVI videos using subplot.
I imagine there is a way to completetely delete the sgtitle using a handle to it (before writing the next one), but I haven't figured out yet how to do so. Can anyone provide guidance?
Thanks! Jeff
PROSANJEET SARKAR
PROSANJEET SARKAR on 27 Mar 2020
sgtitile() function you cane used it provide in 2018 verison of matlab

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Anders Bertelsen
Anders Bertelsen on 13 Sep 2017
Edited: Stephen Cobeldick on 13 Sep 2017
figure;
subplot(1, 2, 1);
plot(nan, nan);
subplot(1, 2, 2);
plot(nan, nan);
ha = axes('Position',[0 0 1 1],'Xlim',[0 1],'Ylim',[0 1],'Box','off','Visible','off','Units','normalized', 'clipping' , 'off');
text(0.5, 0.98,'Title')

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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 11 May 2019
There are multiple possibilities. The ones I can think of off-hand include:
  • create an axes for each of the images, and an axes for each of the titles above and each of the titles to the side. Using subplot() for this purpose is not great, as you do not want the axes to all be the same size. Each axes could been panned, scrolled, zoomed, or data cursored individiually.
  • create the top left axes with room for title and ylabel and an image. Create 3 axes below that with room for ylabel and an image. Create top right axes with room for title and image. Create three axes below that with room for an image. Using subplot() for this purpose is not great, as you do not want the axes to all be the same size. Each axes could been panned, scrolled, zoomed, or data cursored individiually.
  • create a 4 x 2 array of axes the same size, all large enough to accomodate title and ylabel. Then carefully "tuck" the axes in so only the wanted parts show. Using subplot() for this might not be bad, but you will need to move the axes carefully. Each axes could been panned, scrolled, zoomed, or data cursored individiually.
  • Use montage or similar to create a 4 x 2 image array and display it in an axes that you put appropriate text labels on. It would not be possible to scroll or pan or zoom the images individually, and you would need extra work to data cursor them individually. On the other hand, a single movable graphics cursor covering multiple images would become easier than in the other approaches mentioned above

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Dan
Dan on 31 Oct 2017
Thanks! This works great. I set did >set(h,'Position',[.5 1.05 .5]) to get place the supertitle above the titles of my subplots.

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Brad Stiritz
Brad Stiritz on 9 Sep 2018
>Answer by MathWorks Support Team on 26 Apr 2010
>It is not possible to put a title over a group of subplots in MATLAB..
With respect, this is not a helpful comment, as it's apparently not true. It is possible, just not with built-in core Matlab functionality. Most people will hopefully continue reading the thread, and learn about the workarounds. Still, it's not an encouraging or precise statement to begin the group discussion, IMHO.

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ANKUR KUMAR
ANKUR KUMAR on 10 Sep 2018
There is a function suptitle which may does our work. It puts perfectly the title over all subplots.
Cris LaPierre
Cris LaPierre on 25 Oct 2018
FYI: suptitle is only available to those who have the Bioinformatics toolbox, and then it was included in a demo file and is not an actual MathWorks maintained function.
However, as Paul Huxel points out, there is now (r2018b) a function in base MATLAB for this. It is called sgtitle.

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JB
JB on 4 Jul 2019
A great big thank you to the writer of mtit! That worked great for me, being someone who is between 2018 and the version I originally wrote my code in where my title for the subplot was centered without having to do anything extra.

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