MATLAB Answers


Using 'solve' function in Simulink

Asked by Daniel Bronson on 13 Nov 2013
Latest activity Commented on by Mikkel
on 5 Sep 2014

I have a very non-linear equation that I need to solve during run-time of a Simulink simulation. I have been using the 'solve' function in normal scripts to solve for this. Unfortunately, I need this to be solved in run-time of the simulation.

I have tried to use an embedded Matlab function with the 'solve' function in the script. The problem is that it doesn't like 'syms' command used in conjunction with the 'solve' command. I have tried using the coder.extrinsic with the parameter, but it gives the error, "Undefined function or variable 'v'.... It doesn't seem to appreciate that I have declared 'v' as a syms in order for v to be solved for in the 'solve' function.

Has anyone successfully got the 'solve' function to work in a user-defined Matlab block in Simulink? I have raised this issue in front of a few dozen students at my University, and am interested in showing them a solution. Thank you!

For your ease, I have attached the simulation I am attempting to run. You can find the specific problematic block in the 'Velocity' block on the 'Top Level' file.

  1 Comment

To check: would it be possible for you to do the solve() symbolically in MATLAB, and use matlabFunction() to generate parameterized MATLAB code, that you incorporate into Simulink ?

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2 Answers

Answer by Azzi Abdelmalek
on 13 Nov 2013
 Accepted Answer

Try Interpreted Matlab function block, formerly called Matlab function .


How did you do this? I have a simmelar problem but cannot get it working using the interpreted matlab function.. ? I do not get an error message but it simply wont accept my equation into the block. hence no result

Mikkel: Please specify the line that you are entering on the block.

Kaustubha: I'm now entering this


and it is being calculated, though extremely slow! is there a way to speed this up?

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Answer by Walter Roberson
on 14 Nov 2013


P = .5*R*Cd*A*v^3 + Cr*M*g*v*cos(theta) + (M*g*v*sin(theta)


R*Cd*A/2 * v^3 + M*g*(Cr*cos(theta) + sin(theta))*v - P = 0

the solution is then

roots([R*Cd*A/2, 0, M*g*(Cr*cos(theta) + sin(theta)), -P])

Two of the roots might be imaginary.


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