MATLAB Answers


This question is closed and may reopen in the future if edited.


Ciphertext is not as desired for RC4 in Matlab

Asked by Matuno
on 26 Dec 2013
Latest activity Closed by Walter Roberson
on 26 Dec 2013

I am trying to implement an RC4 implementation in Matlab. I want to encrypt a message (e.g. 'encrypt12') with a key(e.g. 'key'). I got the key stream but didn't get the ciphertext. I have been trying for many days to use many options for the xor but nothing seems working. My code:

C code:

    #include <string.h>
    unsigned char S[256];
    char has[512];
    #define S_SWAP(a,b) do { int t = S[a]; S[a] = S[b]; S[b] = t; }
    void rc4(char *key, char *data){
     int i,j;
     for (i=0;i<256;i++){
     S[i] = i;
     j = 0;
     for (i=0;i<256;i++){
     j = (j+S[i]+key[i%strlen(key)]) %256;
     i = j = 0;
     for (int k=0;k<strlen(data);k++){
     i = (i+1) %256;
     j = (j+S[i]) %256;
     has[k] = data[k]^S[(S[i]+S[j]) %256];
     has[strlen(data)+1] = '\0';

Matlab code:

if true
  function ef = rc4 (pf,k)
sc = rc4key(k);
j0 = 0;
i0 = 0;
for s0 = 1:length(pf)
[r, i0, j0, sc]=rc4out(i0, j0, sc);
for i = 1:length(pf),
C = bitxor(v,r);
data_show =dec2hex(C);
ef = data_show;
 function sc=rc4key(key)
 le = length(key);
 sc = 0:255;
 j0 = 0;
 % scramble the key schedule
 for i0 = 0:255
  k0 = floor(key( floor(mod(i0,le))+1 ));
  j0 = floor(mod( j0 + k0 + sc(i0+1), 256));
  tm = sc(i0+1);
  sc(i0+1) = sc(j0+1);
  sc(j0+1) = tm;
 function [r, i0, j0, sc]=rc4out(i0, j0, sc)
 % next byte of rc4 output
 % inputs: i0, j0 = indices; sc = key schedule
 % outputs: r=random byte; i0, j0 = indices; sc = key schedule
 %for q=0:strlen(data)
 i0 = mod( (i0+1), 256);
 j0 = mod( j0 + sc(i0+1), 256);
 tmp = sc(j0+1);
 sc(j0+1) = sc(i0+1);
 sc(i0+1) = tmp;
 ra = mod(sc(i0+1) + sc(j0+1), 256);%(S[i]+S[j]) %256
 r = sc(ra);%S(S[i]+S[j]) %256

what I am expecting: Suppose I tried 'Hello' as data and 'hi' as key. then the C and in online RC4 [] it should come like this: 55aadb210b but I am getting very strange: 09242D2D2E.


Log in to comment.


No products are associated with this question.

0 Answers

Discover MakerZone

MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

Learn more

Discover what MATLAB® can do for your career.

Opportunities for recent engineering grads.

Apply Today

MATLAB Academy

New to MATLAB?

Learn MATLAB today!