MATLAB Answers

0

How to detect the shape in matlab?

Asked by saravanakumar D on 27 Dec 2013
Latest activity Commented on by Image Analyst
on 26 Dec 2016

I can't understand the technique how to analyse the shape. So any please help me to understand this concept.

 Code is below
function W = Classify(ImageRead)
RGB = imread('test.bmp');
figure,
imshow(RGB),
title('Original Image');
GRAY = rgb2gray(RGB);
figure,
imshow(GRAY),
title('Gray Image');
threshold = graythresh(GRAY);
BW = im2bw(GRAY, threshold);
figure,
imshow(BW),
title('Binary Image');
BW = ~ BW;
figure,
imshow(BW),
title('Inverted Binary Image');
[B,L] = bwboundaries(BW, 'noholes');
STATS = regionprops(L, 'all'); % we need 'BoundingBox' and 'Extent'
% Step 7: Classify Shapes according to properties
% Square = 3 = (1 + 2) = (X=Y + Extent = 1)
% Rectangular = 2 = (0 + 2) = (only Extent = 1)
% Circle = 1 = (1 + 0) = (X=Y , Extent < 1)
% UNKNOWN = 0
figure,
imshow(RGB),
title('Results');
hold on
for i = 1 : length(STATS)
  W(i) = uint8(abs(STATS(i).BoundingBox(3)-STATS(i).BoundingBox(4)) < 0.1);
  W(i) = W(i) + 2 * uint8((STATS(i).Extent - 1) == 0 );
  centroid = STATS(i).Centroid;
  switch W(i)
      case 1
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wO');
      case 2
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wX');
      case 3
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wS');
  end
end
return

  0 Comments

Log in to comment.

2 Answers

Answer by Image Analyst
on 27 Dec 2013
 Accepted answer

What are the kinds of shapes you have there?

  1. polygons (everything is a polygon)
  2. quadrilaterals, polygons, and ellipsoids
  3. quadrilaterals, rectangles, polygons, and ellipsoids
  4. quadrilaterals, rectangles, polygons, circles, and ellipsoids
  5. quadrilaterals, rectangles, squares, polygons, circles, and ellipsoids

You might look at the solidity, area, and perimeter. And the circularity = perimeter.^2 ./ (4*pi*area).

You may also find this useful to determine how many sides a polygon has: http://matlab.wikia.com/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_find_.22kinks.22_in_a_curve.3F

  3 Comments

i want to know why programmer using boundingbox in this programme. what is meaning of BoundingBox(3)and BoundingBox(4)

hold on for i = 1 : length(STATS) W(i) = uint8(abs(STATS(i).BoundingBox(3)-STATS(i).BoundingBox(4)) < 0.1); W(i) = W(i) + 2 * uint8((STATS(i).Extent - 1) == 0 ); centroid = STATS(i).Centroid; switch W(i) case 1 plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wO'); case 2 plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wX'); case 3 plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wS'); end

Boundingbox is a property from regionprops. It's being stored in the structure STATS.

doc regionprops

I assume you have the image processing toolbox?

bounding box won't help unless one of the shape classes bounding box size is known in advance and specified as a characteristic of that shape. In other words "if the width of the bounding box is this and the height of the bounding box is that, then the shape must be this (circle or whatever)."

Log in to comment.


Answer by sss
on 26 Dec 2016
Edited by Image Analyst
on 26 Dec 2016

what is the meaning of this for loop? -----

for i = 1 : length(STATS)
  W(i) = uint8(abs(STATS(i).BoundingBox(3)-STATS(i).BoundingBox(4)) < 0.1);
  W(i) = W(i) + 2 * uint8((STATS(i).Extent - 1) == 0 );
  centroid = STATS(i).Centroid;
  switch W(i)
      case 1
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wO');
      case 2
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wX');
      case 3
          plot(centroid(1),centroid(2),'wS');
  end

  1 Comment

It plots w0, wx, or xS at the centroid of blobs in a binary image. If the blob is roughly square it puts a wS at the centroid. If it's a rectangle it will put up wX. Otherwise it will put up w0 for arbitrarily-shaped blobs that fit in a bounding box that is roughly square. I don't see anything being put up for arbitrarily-shaped blobs that have a rectangular bounding box.

Log in to comment.


Discover MakerZone

MATLAB and Simulink resources for Arduino, LEGO, and Raspberry Pi

Learn more

Discover what MATLAB® can do for your career.

Opportunities for recent engineering grads.

Apply Today

MATLAB Academy

New to MATLAB?

Learn MATLAB today!