Daniel, this is not something I've encountered with any regularity. I mean it has certainly happened to me where MATLAB had to close, but it sounds like you are saying that it is reproducible.
I think there are some important questions here:
Is this a new MATLAB installation? Or is this is an existing MATLAB installation that just starting producing this behavior?
If it is a new installation. I would remove it and reinstall.
Also, it may help to know which platform and release you are encountering this on.
This certainly may be something you need to contact technical support for.