## can i get the matlab code for scrambling a digital image based on arnold transformations??

### sumaya (view profile)

on 24 Mar 2014
Latest activity Edited by Image Analyst

on 30 Dec 2016

### Image Analyst (view profile)

```clc;
clear all;
close all;
imshow(A);
N=256;
T=1.4938*N+40.8689;
disp(T);
t=0;
T2=ceil(T);
disp(T2);
c=[T];
iscram=A;
while t<T2
for i=[0:N-1]
for j=[0:N-1]
iscram(i,j)=iscram(mod(i+j,N),mod(i+(2*j),N));
end
end
t=t+1;
end
figure,imshow(imscram);
```

namita chandrakar

### namita chandrakar (view profile)

on 23 Nov 2014

I tried your code but its seems like its not working. Its giving error of "Attempted to access iscram(0,0); index must be a positive integer or logical.

Error in ==> iscram(i,j)=iscram(mod(i+j,N),mod(i+(2*j),N)); "

how can i solve this error ??

myetceteramail myetceteramail

### myetceteramail myetceteramail (view profile)

on 30 Dec 2016

add a 1 to both the coordinates after the mod

### Image Analyst (view profile)

on 23 Nov 2014
Edited by Image Analyst

### Image Analyst (view profile)

on 30 Dec 2016

I don't really know what this code is doing or if I'm even doing it correctly, but here's a version of the code that "works": [OLD CODE DELETED]

[EDIT] - See vastly improved working code in my comment further down, and also attached here.

Walter Roberson

### Walter Roberson (view profile)

on 4 Feb 2016

catherine, you apply the transform enough more times in a row that eventually the pixels move back to the original location.

Veera Kalyani S

### Veera Kalyani S (view profile)

on 30 Dec 2016

the code given above is only for square image right?? But i'm getting output for 135*298 image also...

Image Analyst

### Image Analyst (view profile)

on 30 Dec 2016

I redid that code I posted, now that I understand it a little more, and a "fixed" version is attached. From Wikipedia, it seems that the code only works on square images. I tried to generalize it for rectangular images and always got the image wrapped around vertically. It never reconstituted itself. So maybe you'll have to use other scrambling methods.

### Manpreet (view profile)

on 1 May 2015

I am doing a project on Image watermarking using Discrete Wavelet Transform(DWT) and Encryption. It is carried out in the following steps 1.) Select the host image( Image in which watermark will be hided). 2.) Select the watermark. 3.) Encrypt the watermark using the following code as given by sir(Image analyst) 4.) Watermarking using DWT.

5.) Recover the Encrypted watermark using recovery formula.

6.) Decryption of watermark using the following code which is also attached. This is also given by Image Analyst

My Question is that I have made many attacks on Watermarked Image like Rotation, Scaling, Croping but PSNR and MSE between (Watermark and Decrypted watermark) after and before attack remain Infinity and Zero respectively.

I think During Decryption, I have used same ran permutation that I used to ENCRYPT the image. So I think, Attacks have no effect on decrypted image.

Question is how to improve my code or what suggestions you can give me.

I need Help. Though, I am trying but yr valuable suggestions can make code more effective and fast

Thanks............

Walter Roberson

### Walter Roberson (view profile)

on 4 May 2015

Manpreet you need to move your material here into a new Question. It is out of place here and probably no-one will even read it carefully until you create a new Question for it.

iron man

### iron man (view profile)

on 28 Jul 2016

manpreet , could u please help me ..i m having a same problem with using RSA in watermarking.

Walter Roberson

### Walter Roberson (view profile)

on 28 Jul 2016

Discussion of RSA or any other non-trivial encryption is not permitted here due to the laws of the USA.

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