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what is the difference between inv() and \ (the backslash) ?

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Kobi
Kobi on 1 Jul 2014
Answered: Roger Stafford on 1 Jul 2014
what is the difference between those functions and which one is more precise?
sometimes matlab show warning while using the inv function with a suggestion to use the backslash insted.

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Answers (2)

Roger Stafford
Roger Stafford on 1 Jul 2014
If A is an n x n matrix and B is n x m, solving A\B is tantamount to solving m*n equations in m*n unknowns. Finding the inverse of A is equivalent to finding A\eye(n), and hence is similar to solving n*n equations in n*n unknowns. If the number of columns, m, in B is less than n, it therefore takes less time to solve m*n equations than doing inv(A)*B which would involve n*n equations combined with a matrix multiplication.
If A is n x p and not square with p < n, solving A\B requires solving m*n equations with only m*p unknowns and is overdetermined, so A\B will simply find the best least squares approximation to a solution, which makes it different from 'inv' which will produce an error.
On the other hand if p > n the number of unknowns exceeds the number of equations and the system is underdetermined. Hence A\B will assign some of the unknowns arbitrary values. In this it also differs from the 'inv' function which will again give an error.

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James Tursa
James Tursa on 1 Jul 2014
Edited: James Tursa on 1 Jul 2014
In general, use backslash \ whenever possible. It will be more accurate. The inv() function has its uses when you need the explicit inverse for some reason and you know the system is well behaved, but inv() should not be your first choice if backslash is an option. See the comments in "doc inv":

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