Asked by mohammad
on 22 Sep 2011

Does anyone know how can be make less space between figures in subplot?

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Answer by Daniel Shub
on 22 Sep 2011

Accepted Answer

The FEX is your friend...

I would start with:

http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/27991-tight-subplot

http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/20003-panel

Answer by Jan Simon
on 22 Sep 2011

You can set the position of the subplots manually. I'm using this to create the set of positions at once inside a specified rectangle:

function AxisPos = moPlotPos(nCol, nRow, defPos) % Position of diagrams - a very light SUBPLOT % Tested: Matlab 6.5, 7.7, 7.8, WinXP % Author: Jan Simon, Heidelberg, (C) 2005-2011

% This is the percent offset from the subplot grid of the plotbox. % Formula: Space = a + b * n % Increase [b] to increase the space between the diagrams.

if nRow < 3 BplusT = 0.18; else BplusT = 0.09 + 0.045 * nRow; end

if nCol < 3 LplusR = 0.18; else LplusR = 0.09 + 0.05 * nCol; end

nPlot = nRow * nCol; plots = 0:(nPlot - 1); row = (nRow - 1) - fix(plots(:) / nCol); col = rem(plots(:), nCol);

col_offset = defPos(3) * LplusR / (nCol - LplusR); row_offset = defPos(4) * BplusT / (nRow - BplusT);

totalwidth = defPos(3) + col_offset; totalheight = defPos(4) + row_offset; width = totalwidth / nCol - col_offset; height = totalheight / nRow - row_offset;

if width * 2 > totalwidth / nCol if height * 2 > totalheight / nRow AxisPos = [(defPos(1) + col * totalwidth / nCol), ... (defPos(2) + row * totalheight / nRow), ... width(ones(nPlot, 1), 1), ... height(ones(nPlot, 1), 1)]; else AxisPos = [(defPos(1) + col * totalwidth / nCol), ... (defPos(2) + row * defPos(4) / nRow), ... width(ones(nPlot, 1), 1), ... (0.7 * defPos(ones(nPlot, 1), 4) / nRow)]; end else if height * 2 <= totalheight / nRow AxisPos = [(defPos(1) + col * defPos(3) / nCol), ... (defPos(2) + row * defPos(4) / nRow), ... (0.7 * defPos(ones(nPlot, 1), 3) / nCol), ... (0.7 * defPos(ones(nPlot, 1), 4) / nRow)]; else AxisPos = [(defPos(1) + col * defPos(3) / nCol), ... (defPos(2) + row * totalheight / nRow), ... (0.7 * defPos(ones(nPlot, 1), 3) / nCol), ... height(ones(nPlot, 1), 1)]; end end

Calling:

figure; Rect = [0.19, 0.07, 0.775, 0.845]; AxisPos = moPlotPos(4, 4, Rect) for i = 1:16 axes('Position', AxisPos(i, :); end

The values of Rect leave some space on top and on the left for a title and a legend. But you can use `get(gcf, 'DefaultaxesPosition')` as the original SUBPLOT also. The shown method is faster than SUBPLOT, which spends a lot of time with searching for existing AXES at the same position - considering rounding errors.

Answer by Daniel Shub
on 22 Sep 2011

So I dislike all the solutions I have seen of moving subplots around. One of the nice features of subplot is that you can use it to change the current axis without having to save the axis handle ...

subplot(2,1,1) plot(1:10, 1:10) subplot(2,1,2) plot(1:10, 1:10) subplot(2,1,1) xlabel('First one');

If you then do:

subplot(2,1,2); set(gca, 'Position', [0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5]); subplot(2,1,2);

everything gets screwed up. To get around this you need to change 2 things. First, subplot uses a field of the application data called SubplotDefaultAxesLocation which gets set to a big value. Before calling subplot for the first time you need to set that to a more reasonable number

setappdata(gcf, 'SubplotDefaultAxesLocation', [0, 0, 1, 1]);

The second problem is harder since the amount of padding is hard coded. This means you need to edit (or copy and edit) subplot.m. I would advise you to check the EULA since TMW holds the copyright on subplot.m. I guess the best would be to put an enhancement request that the hardcoded value be replaced by something like SubplotDefaultAxesInset.

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