Can I use the Matlab function called "dice" to compare two histograms (or discrete probability distributions)?

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Can I use the Matlab function called "dice" (i.e. the "Sørensen-Dice similarity coefficient for image segmentation") to compare two histograms (or discrete probability distributions)?
similarity = dice(hist1,hist2)

Accepted Answer

John D'Errico
John D'Errico on 12 Jul 2023
No. Use of the dice function to compare hisograms would be a complete misuse of the tool. Instead, you might better use tools from statistics that are designed for the purpose of comparing two distributions.
So perhaps a Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. You could use kstest2 to decide if the two underlying samples that were used to generate the histograms come from the same distributions.
  1 Comment
Sim
Sim on 12 Jul 2023
Thanks a lot both @Malay Agarwal and @John D'Errico for your answers..!! In general, I have used already pdist2 and kstest2, and I just wanted to employ the Sørensen-Dice similarity... :-)

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More Answers (1)

Malay Agarwal
Malay Agarwal on 12 Jul 2023
Edited: Malay Agarwal on 12 Jul 2023
Hi Sim
I am not sure if the dice function can be used to compare two histograms, but you can use the function pdist2 to get a similarlity score between the histograms. Please refer to this MATLAB answer: comparison of two histograms using pdist2 - MATLAB Answers - MATLAB Central (mathworks.com).

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