MATLAB Answers

How do I combine multiple plots in one graph?

6,521 views (last 30 days)
Tom
Tom on 10 Dec 2011
Commented: Walter Roberson on 17 Aug 2020
Hi, is there somewhere I can see some examples of scripts that result in multiple plots on one graph?
I know the 'hold' function is part of how to do it, but I'm very new to Matlab and I really need to see some full examples.
If someone could point me towards some that'd be great.

  2 Comments

tayyaba khurshid
tayyaba khurshid on 4 Mar 2017
snr=0:1:15;
for ii=1:length(snr)
x=randint(1,100000); % Generating bits
y=pskmod(x,2); % Generating BPSK modulated data
ynoisy=awgn(y,snr(ii)); % Adding AWGN noise to data
z=pskdemod(ynoisy,2); % Demodulating
error(ii)=length(find(x-z~=0));
end
semilogy(snr,error)
hold
snr=0:1:15;
for ii=1:length(snr)
x=randint(1,100000); % Generating bits
y=pskmod(x,4); % Generating QPSK modulated data
ynoisy=awgn(y,snr(ii)); % Adding AWGN noise to data
z=pskdemod(ynoisy,4); % Demodulating
error(ii)=length(find(x-z~=0));
end
semilogy(snr,error)
grid
Chiemela Victor Amaechi
Chiemela Victor Amaechi on 26 Jul 2018
You can use this code, but to have multiple plots, you need the subplot which is used as follows:
% Code used in my paper on design of composite riser
% Create a vertical bar chart using the bar function
figure
subplot(2,3,1) % add fourth plot in 2 x 3 grid
bar(1:18, [FibreControl' FibreAxial'], 1)
% Add title and axis labels
title('(a)')
xlabel('Composite Riser Layers')
ylabel('Stress in Fibre Direction (MPa)')
% Add a legend
legend('[1.58:1.62:1.86]', '[1.84:1.62:1.86]')
% Set the axis limits
set(gca, 'XTick', 1:18)
set(gca, 'XLim', [0,19])
set(gca, 'Fontsize', 8)
subplot(2,3,2) % add first plot in 2 x 3 grid
bar(1:18, [FibreControl' FibreAngled'], 1)
% Add title and axis labels
title('(b)')
xlabel('Composite Riser Layers')
ylabel('Stress in Fibre Direction (MPa)')
% Add a legend
legend('[1.58:1.62:1.86]', '[1.58:1.88:1.86]')
% Set the axis limits
set(gca, 'XTick', 1:18)
set(gca, 'XLim', [0,19])
set(gca, 'fontname','arial','fontsize',8,'linewidth',1)
subplot(2,3,3) % add second plot in 2 x 3 grid
bar(1:18, [FibreControl' FibreHoop'], 1)
% Add title and axis labels
title('(c)')
xlabel('Composite Riser Layers')
ylabel('Stress in Fibre Direction (MPa)')
% Add a legend
legend('[1.58:1.62:1.86]', '[1.58:1.62:1.60]')
% Set the axis limits
set(gca, 'XTick', 1:18)
set(gca, 'XLim', [0,19])
set(gca, 'Fontsize', 8)

Sign in to comment.

Accepted Answer

Chandra Kurniawan
Chandra Kurniawan on 10 Dec 2011
Edited: MathWorks Support Team on 9 Nov 2018
To combine multiple plots in one graph, use the “hold on” command, such as:
plot(1:10)
hold on
plot(11:20)
hold off
For more information, see:

  3 Comments

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 10 Dec 2011
The alternative to "hold on" that would be applicable to this example is
plot(t,x,'r',t,y,'b')
Ina Panci
Ina Panci on 10 May 2019
Hello, what other letters can we use if we have more than two functions to plot?
Cleat Zeiler
Cleat Zeiler on 15 Oct 2019
This is the list from the help call:
Various line types, plot symbols and colors may be obtained with
plot(X,Y,S) where S is a character string made from one element
from any or all the following 3 columns:
b blue . point - solid
g green o circle : dotted
r red x x-mark -. dashdot
c cyan + plus -- dashed
m magenta * star (none) no line
y yellow s square
k black d diamond
w white v triangle (down)
^ triangle (up)
< triangle (left)
> triangle (right)
p pentagram
h hexagram

Sign in to comment.

More Answers (7)

N Narayan rao
N Narayan rao on 25 Sep 2016
Edited: Walter Roberson on 15 Jul 2017
x = -3:0.1:3;
y1 = sin(x);
y2 = cos(x);
y3= tan(x);
y4=1./cos(x);
figure
subplot(2,2,1)
plot(x,y1)
title('Subplot 1')
subplot(2,2,2)
plot(x,y2)
title('Subplot 2')
subplot(2,2,3)
plot(x,y3)
title('Subplot 3')
subplot(2,2,4)
plot(x,y4)
title('Subplot 4')

  0 Comments

Sign in to comment.


Tom
Tom on 10 Dec 2011
Thanks, that's perfect.

  0 Comments

Sign in to comment.


Raghuram
Raghuram on 27 Mar 2014
Could you please tell me the same with scatter plot command? That is, to plot multiple scatter plots in one figure?

  3 Comments

Prasad Kalane
Prasad Kalane on 11 Dec 2015
x=rand(2,10);
scatter(x(1,:),x(2,:),'r');
hold on
x=rand(2,10);
scatter(x(1,:),x(2,:),'g');
hold on
x=rand(2,10);
scatter(x(1,:),x(2,:),'b');
hold on
x=rand(2,10);
scatter(x(1,:),x(2,:),'c');
You can plot multiple plot just use "hold on" command
MOHAMMAD YASIR ALI
MOHAMMAD YASIR ALI on 13 Jul 2017
can I get best fit line from this method?
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 15 Jul 2017
"can I get best fit line from this method?"
Best fit lines tend to imply an ordering to the data, but scatter plots tend to imply the data might not be ordered in a way that is compatible with fitting.
But yes, if you have polynomial coefficients for your fit, such as coefficients generated using polyfit(), then you can use polyval() to interpolate values, and you can "hold on" and plot() the values.

Sign in to comment.


Cortney Marschner
Cortney Marschner on 8 Oct 2016
Edited: Walter Roberson on 15 Jul 2017
How do I plot multiple graphs on the same graph using this code?:
hold off
[x, y] = meshgrid(0:0.2:10, 0:0.2:6);
X = x(1,1:51);
dx = ones(size(x));
dy = x;
quiver(x, y, dx, dy)
axis tight
hold on
plot(X, 1+X.^2/2)

  1 Comment

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 15 Jul 2017
That code already plots multiple lines on the same plot. However, the y range of the second one is much larger than the y range of the first, so the second one takes up most of the space.

Sign in to comment.


utkarsh singhvi
utkarsh singhvi on 17 Apr 2018
command to plot multiple function on one graph

  0 Comments

Sign in to comment.


Emil Latypov
Emil Latypov on 16 Apr 2020
Edited: Image Analyst on 16 Apr 2020
In chemistry, the pH of an aqueous solution is a measure of its acidity. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, inclusive. A solution with a pH of 7 is said to be neutral, a solution with a pH greater than 7 is basic, and a solution with a pH less than 7 is acidic.
I did it, but my prof said it is not professional. How to do it professionally?
%% Chapter 8 Question 19
%% This script cteats the a vector structure mysol with various solutions
%% and their pH-values and adds another field mysol.acidity.
clear
clc
format compact
mysol(3) = struct('name','bleach','pH',12);
mysol(1) = struct('name','juce','pH',5);
mysol(2) = struct('name','milk','pH',7);
acidity = myacidity(mysol);
for i = 1:3
mysol(i).acidity = strcat(acidity(i,:));
end
mysol
mysol.acidity
function acidity = myacidity(mysol)
% This function receives a vector structure with various solutions and
% their pH-values and determines acidity of solutions.
len = length(mysol);
acidity(len,:) = blanks(7);
for i = 1:len
if mysol(i).pH < 7
acidity(i,:) = 'acidic ';
elseif mysol(i).pH > 7
acidity(i,:) = 'basic ';
else
acidity(i,:) = 'neutral';
end
end
end

  2 Comments

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 16 Apr 2020
How is this an answer to Tom's question on "multiple plots on one graph"? I think you need to start your own question rather than post an answer to Tom's question.
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 17 Apr 2020
The line
mysol(i).acidity = strcat(acidity(i,:));
should probably be rewritten in terms of strtrim()

Sign in to comment.


Sankirna D. Joge
Sankirna D. Joge on 17 Aug 2020
One must use hold on command after every plot,
plot(x1,y1);
hold on
plot(x2,y2);
hold on
plot(x3,y3);
hold off
This will give output as three plots on a same graph.

  1 Comment

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 17 Aug 2020
This is not correct. "hold on" stays in effect until you turn it off (or the axes is cleared or deleted.)

Sign in to comment.

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!