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Generation of random co-prime integers modulo n

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Mohsin Shah
Mohsin Shah on 6 May 2017
Commented: Mohsin Shah on 6 May 2017
Suppose we have Lena image of 512x512 pixels and we want to generate random integers for every pixel of Lena image (512x512)that are co-prime to n (modulo n). How can we generate a matrix of random integers of size 512x512 co-prime to n?


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Accepted Answer

Guillaume on 6 May 2017
Your question is missing a lot of information. What is the range for the integers to generate? What is the range for n? Should the generated numbers be all distinct or are repetitions allowed?
If the range is not too great, you could just test all the integers and only keep the ones that are coprimes:
maxvalue = 5000;
n = 127;
arraysize = [512, 512];
allnumbers = 1:maxvalue;
coprimes = allnumbers(gcd(allnumbers, n) == 1);
result = reshape(coprimes(randi(numel(coprimes), prod(arraysize))), arraysize); %if repetitions are allowed
result = reshape(coprimes(randperm(numel(coprimes), prod(arraysize))), arraysize); %if no repetition

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