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Count number of specific values in matrix

I have a large matrix, m, and am trying to count the number of a specific value (i.e. How many indexes are of the value 4?)

I tried using

val = sum(m == 4);

but I end up with val being a matrix/vector of numbers. I assume these numbers are from each column and should be added together for the total, so I tried another

num = sum(val == 4);

but then I just end up with another vector/matrix.

How can I do it?


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3 Answers

Answer by Walter Roberson
on 2 May 2012
 Accepted Answer

sum(m(:) == 4)


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Answer by Kye Taylor
on 2 May 2012

Try this:

numberOfNonZeros = nnz(m==4);

Using nnz is more efficient than converting logicals to numeric, which is required to apply sum()


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Answer by Sean de Wolski
on 2 May 2012

This could be done easily with histc() and unique() to get the number of each value:

uv = unique(x);
n  = histc(x,uv);

Or with unique() and accumarray():

[uv,~,idx] = unique(x);
n = accumarray(idx(:),1)


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