There is no need to use the coefficients of the function, because the Curve Fitting Toolbox provides with functions to derive and evaluate the spline functions (curves).
The output of cscvn is a curve from R to R^d, being d the dimension of your points ([d, n] = size(points)|). The rth-derivative of that curve can be obtained with fnder(crv, r). It is also a spline function which can be evaluated with fnval(·, t) at any point you want (in the domain of your curve). So, if crv = cscvn(points), then the first derivative at t0 is fnval(fnder(crv,1), t0), the second derivative is fnval(fnder(crv, 2), t0) and so on. With these and the formulas from differential geometry of curves you can calculate the curvature of the spline.
To calculate the length of the spline you have to do the integral of the norm of the derivative
Dcrv = fnder(crv);
crvlength = integral(@(x) fnval(@(tau) sum(fnval(Dcrv, tau).^2), 1).^0.5, crv.breaks(1), crv.breaks(end));