# meaning of the notation of accessing the elements of the 2D matrix using 4 subscripts?

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Yashvanth L on 20 Jun 2018
Commented: Stephen on 20 Jun 2018
Recently, I saw that some people use four sub-scripts to access the elements of a 2D matrix! For eg,If A=[1,2,3,4 ; 5,6,7,8 ; 9,10,11,12 ; 13,14,15,16], then the command, A(1,2,1,1) yields me an answer of 2.
How? What's the meaning of this command? Thanks in advance!!
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Stephen on 20 Jun 2018
"How? What's the meaning of this command?"
All arrays implicitly have infinite trailing singleton dimensions. You can easily check this yourself:
>> size(A,3)
ans = 1
>> size(A,4)
ans = 1
>> size(A,99)
ans = 1
>> size(A,999)
ans = 1
>> size(A,9999)
ans = 1

MUHAMMED IRFAN on 20 Jun 2018
For a 2d Matrix, A(1,2,1,1) is equivalent to A(1,2).
Consider it as A(dimension1,dim2,dim3,dim4). As it is a 2d matrix, the value of dim3,dim4,dim5... will be 1.
ie, A(1,2,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1) will also give you the value 2 !!
Jan on 20 Jun 2018
+1. Exactly. In Matlab singleton trailing dimensions are ignored.
x = zeros(2,3,1)
size(x) % [2, 3]
size(x, 9) % 1