Differentiate and store results in matrix

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I have two matrices. The first matrix is Density and it 311x1. The second matrix is Temperature and it is 311x21. The column in density matrix corresponds to each distinct column in temperature matrix.
So if I want to plot the first line I could just do:
plot(Density, Temperature(:,1))
and second line would just be:
plot(Density, Temperature(:,2))
How can I create a new matrix that takes the derivative of each temperature line (isotherm) with respect to density, and put this in a new matrix, such as diffTemperature?

Accepted Answer

Star Strider
Star Strider on 5 Nov 2018
Try this:
Density = (0:310)'; % Create Data
Temperature = sin((0:310)'*(0:20)*2*pi/20); % Create Data
dTdD = gradient(Temperature, mean(diff(Density))); % Equal Spacing
dTdD = gradient(Temperature) ./ gradient(Density); % Unequal Spacing
plot(Density, Temperature(:,5))
hold on
plot(Density, dTdD(:,5))
hold off
legend('Temperature', 'Derivative')
xlim([0 30])
Star Strider
Star Strider on 5 Nov 2018
Edited: Star Strider on 5 Nov 2018
Yes. That will work for equally-spaced data.
EDIT An alternative could also be the del2 (link) function on ‘Temperature’ (or any other dependent variable), not the derivative, (although you may need to multiply the result by 4). The syntax is essentially the same.

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