MATLAB Answers


How to solve system of 2nd order differential equations using ode45

Asked by Ryan Bowman on 6 Dec 2018
Latest activity Commented on by Jesse Crotts on 9 Dec 2018
I have three 2nd order differential equations with my initial conditions and I'm trying to use the ode45 function in matlab to solve this. I wish to get the solution where my output is x,y,z position vs. time plot(2nd derivative) as well as a dx,dy,dz velocity vs. time plot. I get multiple errors and I'm not sure how to fix it. Here is my code:
%Clohessy-Wiltshire Equations
% d2x = 2*n*dy + 3*(n^2)*x;
% d2y = -2*n*dx;
% d2z = (-n^2)*z;
% %Initial Conditions
% x(0) = -0.066538073651029; %km
% y(0) = 0.186268907590665; %km
% z(0) = 0.000003725378152; %km
% dx(0) = -0.000052436200437; %km/s
% dy(0) = 0.000154811363681; %km/s
% dz(0) = 0.000210975508077; %km/s
a = 6793.137; %km
mu = 398600.5; %km^3/s^2
n = sqrt(mu/a^3);
t0 = 0; %seconds
tf = 5400; %seconds
initial_condition = [x(0) y(0) z(0)]
[T,position] = ode45(@(t,position)Clohessy_Wiltshire(t,x,y,z),[t0 tf],initial_condition);
figure(1), hold on, plot(T,position(:,1),'b'), plot(T,position(:,2), 'r'), plot(T,position(:,3), 'g')
title('Position(X,Y,Z) vs. Time')
figure(2), hold on, plot(T,position(:,4),'b'), plot(T,position(:,5), 'r'), plot(T,position(:,6), 'g')
title('Velocity(dX,dY,dZ) vs. Time')
function position = Clohessy_Wiltshire(~,x,y,z,dx,dy,dz,n)
x(0) = -0.066538073651029;
dx(0) = -0.000052436200437;
dx(2) = 2*n*dy;
y(0) = 0.186268907590665;
dy(0) = 0.000154811363681;
dy(2) = -2*n*dx;
z(0) = 0.000003725378152;
dz(0) = 0.000210975508077;
dz(2) = -n^2*z;


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Note that your ‘Clohessy_Wiltshire’ anonymous function never creates a variable named ‘position’.
It should return a column vector of derivatives.
I'm not sure how to do that but these are the equations/initial conditions i'm given. Thanks. Screen Shot 2018-12-05 at 8.48.23 PM.png
I'm essentially just integrating these 3 2nd order differential equations.

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1 Answer

Answer by madhan ravi
on 6 Dec 2018
Edited by madhan ravi
on 6 Dec 2018
 Accepted Answer

Here you go!
syms x(t) y(t) z(t)
%Clohessy-Wiltshire Equations
% d2x = 2*n*dy + 3*(n^2)*x;
% d2y = -2*n*dx;
% d2z = (-n^2)*z;
a = 6793.137; %km
mu = 398600.5; %km^3/s^2
n = sqrt(mu/a^3);
t0 = 0; %seconds
tf = 5400; %seconds
%Initial Conditions
c1 = -0.066538073651029; %km
c2 =0.186268907590665; %km
c3 =0.000003725378152; %km
c4 = -0.000052436200437; %km/s
c5 =0.000154811363681; %km/s
c6 = 0.000210975508077; %km/s
y0 = [c1 c2 c3 c4 c5 c6];
eq1 = diff(x,2) == 2*n*dy + 3*(n^2)*x;
eq2 = diff(y,2) == -2*n*dx;
eq3 = diff(z,2) == (-n^2)*z;
vars = [x(t); y(t); z(t)]
V = odeToVectorField([eq1,eq2,eq3])
M = matlabFunction(V,'vars', {'t','Y'});
interval = [t0 tf]; %time interval
ySol = ode45(M,interval,y0);
tValues = linspace(interval(1),interval(2),1000);
yValues = deval(ySol,tValues,1); %number 1 denotes first position likewise you can mention 2 to 6 for the next 5 positions
plot(tValues,yValues) %if you want to plot position vs time just swap here
The graph of the first position looks like below:


Thank you so much! Am I also able to get the x and z values on the same plot with this? I should have three different lines on this plot.
Anytime :) , yes you can just use hold on and then plot the rest , if my answer helped make sure to accept the answer and give a vote.
I have a very similar problem at:
I'm basically trying to use ode23 or ode45 to solve a system of 2nd order differential equations that look like this:
where M and K are 10x10 matrices and Q is a 10x1 matrix.
I would appreciate any help with it.

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