# To plot x y z according to time

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Anne-Laure GUINET on 28 Jan 2019
Commented: Luna on 30 Jan 2019
Hi,
I have a . txt with 4 colums : time (t), x, y, z which is the x, y, z position of an object according to the time.
I would like to plot the 3D position of this object.
% Data (10)
t= [0,513819900000000
1,01409700000000
1,53027800000000
2,04589800000000
2,54634500000000
3,11879600000000
3,62982200000000
4,14455800000000
4,65201000000000
5,15476100000000]
x=[0,0144918600000000
0,0197000400000000
0,0212137600000000
0,00879137000000000
-0,0430479900000000
-0,173410000000000
-0,293167400000000
-0,315159100000000
-0,306979900000000
-0,291601800000000]
y=[0,0624466500000000
0,0602231400000000
0,0604935700000000
0,0402826200000000
-0,00244453500000000
0,0134661700000000
0,0535583300000000
0,0605951400000000
0,0840618800000000
0,0692208900000000]
z=[0,0765380100000000
0,0890338800000000
0,104488400000000
0,122371500000000
0,181203300000000
0,0617616700000000
-0,0800978800000000
-0,174215400000000
-0,175980100000000
-0,137890000000000]
% Subplot of the deplacement
figure;
subplot(1,3,1); plot(t,x); title ('X to time');
subplot(1,3,2);plot(t,y); title ('Y to time');
subplot(1,3,3);plot(t,z); title ('Z to time');
% 3 plots in 1 figure
figure;
plot3(x,y,z)
hold on
scatter3(x,y,z,[],t,'filled')
box on
grid on
Can I make another plot, more representative of the deplacement or not?
Thank you very much.
AL
Luna on 28 Jan 2019
The data you have provided is not understandable.
Why all x y z and t have 2 columns? (10x2 double array). Can you attach .txt file instead?

Luna on 29 Jan 2019
Edited: Luna on 29 Jan 2019
Hello Anne,
I tried couple of things on your code and change the subplots into vertical instead of horizontal. Looks better.
I have added start and finish points with its legend to see the deplacement of the circles. But in 3D plot it looks very chaotic. I have added rotate3d on so when you right click on the plot go to X-Z view which is the best showing trajectory. I recommend this.
The second and third thing I have tried to put arrows from one point to next point but 136 points are too much so it looked very complex. I don't recommend this.
Also for animation you can use comet3 function. I recommend this to you to understand how your data moves from one to another point.
t = tableData.temps_s_;
x = tableData.x_m_;
y = tableData.y_m_;
z = tableData.z_m_;
% Subplot of the deplacement
figure;
subplot(3,1,1); plot(t,x); title ('X to time'); ylabel('X');
subplot(3,1,2);plot(t,y); title ('Y to time'); ylabel('Y');
subplot(3,1,3);plot(t,z); title ('Z to time'); ylabel('Z');
xlabel('Time');
% 3 plots in 1 figure
figure;
plot3(x,y,z,'-b');
hold on
plot3(x,y,z,'co','LineWidth',0.5);
% plots start point:
plot3(x(1),y(1),z(1),'*g','LineWidth',5);
%plots end point:
plot3(x(end),y(end),z(end),'*r','LineWidth',5);
legend({'Trajectory','Points','Start Point','Finish Point'});
% some axis properties:
box on
grid on
xlabel('X');
ylabel('Y');
zlabel('Z');
title('Object Position');
% Best way is X-Z view.
rotate3d on;
% Best way is X-Z view.
%%%%%%%%%%%%%% This Section written for demo %%%%%%%%%%%%
%% comet3 Function Demo (Working very well)
figure;
comet3(x,y,z);
%% mArrow3 Function Demo (May not be working very well) looks bad.
Array = [x,y,z];
for i = 1:size(Array,1)-1
mArrow3(Array(i,:),Array(i+1,:),'stemWidth',0.0002,'facealpha',0.5,'tipWidth',0.005);
end
%% Or quiver3 Function Demo (May not be working very well, I could not make it work)
quiver3(x,y,z,u,v,w,S,'Color','k');
rotate3d on

Anne-Laure GUINET on 28 Jan 2019
Thank for your response, it could be clearer with txt file
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Anne-Laure GUINET on 28 Jan 2019
Thank, it's a mistake

Anne-Laure GUINET on 30 Jan 2019
Thank you very much Luna !!!
I've just 2 minnor bugs :
• First, to import the data
t = tableData.temps_s_;
x = tableData.x_m_;
y = tableData.y_m_;
z = tableData.z_m_;
It's doesn't work because it create a 136*1 table named tableData (the values of time, x, y, z are not separated). So I reused my own way to import the data, and it works.
• Second, with quiver3 because u, v, w do not exist.
Luna on 30 Jan 2019
u v w should be defined for quiver3 but I have never done that before.