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# How to get algebraic solution and symbolic Jacobian of this simple equation?

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rotton on 28 Nov 2019
Answered: Massimo Frittelli on 24 Feb 2020
I am trying to simplify this set of algebraic equations. Then, I would like to have Matlab calculate the Jacobian for me. But it does not seem to work as I expect.
Consider this simple MWE:
% State Variables
syms x_0 x_1 x_2 x_3
% Input Variables
syms u_1 u_2 u_3
% Constants
syms k_1 V_liq dvs
% 3 Algebraic Equations
stateEquations = [...
x_1 == (x_0*(V_liq - u_1/dvs*1e3)*1e-3 + u_1)*1e3/V_liq*exp(-k_1), ...
x_2 == (x_1*(V_liq - u_2/dvs*1e3)*1e-3 + u_2)*1e3/V_liq*exp(-k_1), ...
x_3 == (x_2*(V_liq - u_3/dvs*1e3)*1e-3 + u_3)*1e3/V_liq*exp(-k_1)];
dstate_x3 = solve(stateEquations, x_3)
dstate_du = jacobian(dstate_x3, [u_1 u_2 u_3])
SInce dstate_x3 is empty, the Jacobian is also empty. But I simply want Matlab to replace x_2 in eq. 3 by its right-hand side, and x_1 by its right-hand side...
Could you please give me a hint on how to achieve this with Symbolic Math Toolbox? (Deriving it manually would be very time-consuming, especially with x_i, i > 3)
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### Accepted Answer

Massimo Frittelli on 24 Feb 2020
See my answer to your crossposted question on StackOverflow.
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R2018a

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