convert zeros to nan

on 22 Apr 2011

John D'Errico (view profile)

I have an array (10 rows,10 columns,5 bands) and wonder how I can convert the zero values to NaN. I used the following command line but it's not working. If I replace zero values with another value (like 2) it works but for an odd reason is not working with NaN. A(A==0)=NaN

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John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Given that your array is truly uint32, try this:

```clear
uint32(nan)
ans =
0
```

NaNs are only defined in context of FLOATING point numbers.

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I tried that. I got the same answer (ans=0).

John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

It DOES work.

```A = [1 2 0 -4 5 0 0 6];
A(A == 0) = NaN
A =
1     2   NaN    -4     5   NaN   NaN     6
```

So you are mistaken that it fails. Very likely, you are failing to understand that matlab sometimes displays a number as 0, yet it is NOT zero.

```format short
A = [1 2 0.00000001 -4 5 0.000000023 0.000000000001 6]
A =
1.0000    2.0000    0.0000   -4.0000    5.0000    0.0000    0.0000    6.0000
```

See that there are still three values that are displayed as zero, but the simple test for zero fails to see any of them

```A == 0
ans =
0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0
```

I will also point out that you CANNOT test for a NaN using ==, as that test will always return false. This is easy to prove.

```nan == nan
ans =
0
```

The final possibility is that you have defined nan to be some other value. Thus

```nan = 5;
```

Now I will not be able to assign something as a true nan, instead, matlab will use 5 when you try that. So, if you have defined nan = 0 someplace, then replacing zeros by nan will just insert zeros directly back in.

John D'Errico

John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I think Sean has the answer. Are you using some other class? If you don't give us sufficient information, we are just guessing here.

John D'Errico

John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Nan is not defined as a valid value for uint32 numbers.

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

OK, in that case I need to use other values instead of NaN. thanks John for the help.

on 22 Apr 2011

Please do these three commands on your machine and paste the output, just like I did. Remember to use the {} Code button!

```>> which nan
built-in (C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2007b\toolbox\matlab\elmat\nan)
>> B = mod(1:5,2)
B =
1     0     1     0     1
>> B(~B)=nan
B =
1   NaN     1   NaN     1
```

.

. EDIT

Hassan, don't put in the >> when you run the code.

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

thanks Matt for the comment. it gives me the following error:
??? built-in (C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2007b\toolbox\matlab\elmat\nan)
|
Error: Unexpected MATLAB operator.

on 22 Apr 2011

I hope you didn't try to put in the >> when you did the commands, did you?? I only left them there to show that I did this at the command window!

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

No I didn't. I am using Matlab 2009b version on the university network. i couldn't find Matlab folder in Program Files.

Ali Can ARIK (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

Try this:

```A(find(A==0)) = NaN;
```

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John D'Errico

John D'Errico (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

What does it do when you try that? Have you possibly defined a variable nan to have some other value?

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

I clear all variables using 'clear all' command. it can't convert zeros to nan for no reason.

Hassan

Hassan (view profile)

on 22 Apr 2011

when I convert a value to NaN, it is converted to zero.

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