MATLAB Answers


Overload mtimes for double*char

Asked by Jeppe
on 30 Jan 2013

I am working on a Matlab class that handles numbers/matrices with physical units. I would like the user to be able to write the input as (double)*(char), like this:

L = 10*’m’	% L is ten meters long

This operation calls the mtimes function for the double class. I can easily overload this function and make it work as I want with respect to (double, char)-input, but I still want it to work normally for (double, double)-input. Using * inside the mtimes function with (double, double)-input simply refers the function back to itself, resulting in an infinite regression.

Can I modify the original double mtimes function, or how do I go about this?



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3 Answers

Answer by James Tursa
on 30 Jan 2013
Edited by James Tursa
on 30 Jan 2013
 Accepted Answer

The short answer is DON'T DO THIS! There are many built-in MATLAB functions that do (double)*(char) operations and depend on getting double results. If you overload this operation with your own you will end up breaking a bunch of built-in MATLAB functions. (And also potentially breaking any other code you happen to download from others, such as from the FEX).

To answer your question directly, however, you can sometimes use the function named 'builtin' to do things like this (but DON'T DO IT for your proposed case!)

  1 Comment

I accept your point. Breaking downloaded stuff is not a big concern of mine, but I do not want to mess up my internal Matlab. Here is my implementation, where calls to mtimes from some internal Matlab file is handled as usual, while calls from other files (not placed in the Matlab root) is handled as I want them to be. I hope you find this solution acceptable.

    function C = mtimes(A, B)
    % If mtimes is called internaly from Matlab,
    % the built-in function should be used:
    ST = dbstack('-completenames');
    callers = {ST.file};
    if length(callers) > 1
        last_caller = callers{end-1};
        root = matlabroot;
        if strcmp(last_caller(1:length(root)), root)
            C = builtin('mtimes', A, B);
    % The call is from a user:
    if isa(A, 'double') && isa(B, 'char')
        C = unit(A, B);
        C = builtin('mtimes', A, B);

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Answer by Matt J
on 30 Jan 2013

You should define your own char class (e.g., mychar) with its own mtimes method.


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Answer by Jeppe
on 30 Jan 2013

Thanks for the responses. The builtin function works perfectly.


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