I require a code for embedding and extraction of a watermark from an image (DCT Domain). Please help.

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we want to - embed a watermark - extract d watermark - prevent it from attacks - provide additional functionalities like security, robustness ...
  8 Comments
Deepa lakshmi
Deepa lakshmi on 23 Feb 2017
sir i need to hide a entire file in a image by using LSB in steganography, not watermarking please help me sir

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Accepted Answer

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 9 Feb 2013
Edited: Image Analyst on 9 Feb 2013
There is a huge body of work way ahead of you in that field. Please review what has been done before here: http://iris.usc.edu/Vision-Notes/bibliography/contentschar.html#OCR,%20Document%20Analysis%20and%20Character%20Recognition%20Systems:
23.3 Watermarks, Watermarking
23.3.1 Watermarks, Survey, Comparisons, Evaluations
23.3.2 Watermark Techniques
23.3.3 Watermark Techniques Based on Human Visual System, Perceptual Models
23.3.4 Spread Spectrum Watermarks
23.3.5 Watermarks in Transform Domains, Compressed Images
23.3.6 Adaptive Watermark Techniques
23.3.7 Wavelets for Watermarks
23.3.8 Image Hiding, Data Hiding, Steganography, Steganalysis
23.3.8.1 Data Hiding, Steganography, LSB, Least Significant Bit
23.3.8.2 Halftone Images, Compressed Images: Image Hiding, Data Hiding, Steganography
23.3.8.3 Surveys, Image Hiding, Data Hiding, Steganography
23.3.9 Watermarks for Copyright, Ownership Protection, Authentication, Verification, Forgery
23.3.9.1 Tamper Detection
23.3.9.2 Fragile Watermarks
23.3.9.3 Encryption, Visual Cryptography, Authentication
23.3.10 Watermarks: Extraction, Detection or Recovery
23.3.11 Watermarks in Video and Multi-Media, Other Data
23.3.11.1 Video Data Hiding, Data Hiding in Video, Video Steganography
For what it's worth, here's my watermarking code. It uses the concepts you want to use.
% Demo to watermark an image by hiding another image in a certain bit
% plane. Sometimes called "LSB Watermarking" or something similar.
% User is asked which bit plane they want to hide the image in.
clc; % Clear the command window.
close all; % Close all figures (except those of imtool.)
imtool close all; % Close all imtool figures.
clear; % Erase all existing variables.
workspace; % Make sure the workspace panel is showing.
fontSize = 12;
% Read in the image what will have another image hidden into it.
baseFileName='moon.tif';
% baseFileName='cameraman.tif';
folder = fullfile(matlabroot, '\toolbox\images\imdemos');
% Get the full filename, with path prepended.
fullFileName = fullfile(folder, baseFileName);
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% Didn't find it there. Check the search path for it.
fullFileName = baseFileName; % No path this time.
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% Still didn't find it. Alert user.
errorMessage = sprintf('Error: %s does not exist.', fullFileName);
uiwait(warndlg(errorMessage));
return;
end
end
originalImage = imread(fullFileName);
% Get the number of rows and columns in the original image.
[visibleRows visibleColumns numberOfColorChannels] = size(originalImage);
if numberOfColorChannels > 1
% If it's color, extract the red channel.
originalImage = originalImage(:,:,1);
end
% Display the original gray scale image.
subplot(3, 3, 4);
imshow(originalImage, []);
title('Original Grayscale Starting Image', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Enlarge figure to full screen.
set(gcf, 'units','normalized','outerposition',[0 0 1 1]);
set(gcf,'name','Demo by ImageAnalyst','numbertitle','off')
% read the message image you want to hide in the cover image
baseFileName='cameraman.tif';
% baseFileName='moon.tif';
% Get the full filename, with path prepended.
fullFileName = fullfile(folder, baseFileName);
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% Didn't find it there. Check the search path for it.
fullFileName = baseFileName; % No path this time.
if ~exist(fullFileName, 'file')
% Still didn't find it. Alert user.
errorMessage = sprintf('Error: %s does not exist.', fullFileName);
uiwait(warndlg(errorMessage));
return;
end
end
hiddenImage = imread(fullFileName);
% Get the number of rows and columns in the hidden image.
[hiddenRows hiddenColumns numberOfColorChannels] = size(hiddenImage);
if numberOfColorChannels > 1
% If it's color, extract the red channel.
hiddenImage = hiddenImage(:,:,1);
end
% Display the image.
subplot(3, 3, 1);
imshow(hiddenImage, []);
title('Image to be Hidden', 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Let's compute and display the histogram.
[pixelCount grayLevels] = imhist(hiddenImage);
subplot(3, 3, 2);
bar(pixelCount);
title('Histogram of image to be hidden', 'FontSize', fontSize);
xlim([0 grayLevels(end)]); % Scale x axis manually.
grid on;
thresholdValue = 70;
binaryImage = hiddenImage < thresholdValue;
% Display the image.
subplot(3, 3, 3);
imshow(binaryImage, []);
caption = sprintf('Hidden Image Thresholded at %d', thresholdValue);
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Get the bit plane to hide the image in.
prompt = 'Enter the bit plane you want to hide the image in (1 - 8) ';
dialogTitle = 'Enter Bit Plane to Replace';
numberOfLines = 1;
defaultResponse = {'6'};
bitToSet = str2double(cell2mat(inputdlg(prompt, dialogTitle, numberOfLines, defaultResponse)));
% If image to be hidden is bigger than the original image, scale it down.
if hiddenRows > visibleRows || hiddenColumns > visibleColumns
amountToShrink = min([visibleRows / hiddenRows, visibleColumns / hiddenColumns]);
binaryImage = imresize(binaryImage, amountToShrink);
% Need to update the number of rows and columns.
[hiddenRows hiddenColumns] = size(binaryImage);
end
% Tile the hiddenImage, if it's smaller, so that it will cover the original image.
if hiddenRows < visibleRows || hiddenColumns < visibleColumns
watermark = zeros(size(originalImage), 'uint8');
for column = 1:visibleColumns
for row = 1:visibleRows
watermark(row, column) = binaryImage(mod(row,hiddenRows)+1, mod(column,hiddenColumns)+1);
end
end
% Crop it to the same size as the original image.
watermark = watermark(1:visibleRows, 1:visibleColumns);
else
% Watermark is the same size as the original image.
watermark = binaryImage;
end
% Display the thresholded binary image - the watermark alone.
subplot(3, 3, 5);
imshow(watermark, []);
caption = sprintf('Hidden Image\nto be Inserted into Bit Plane %d', bitToSet);
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Set the bit of originalImage(a copy, actually) to the value of the watermark.
watermarkedImage = originalImage; % Initialize
for column = 1 : visibleColumns
for row = 1 : visibleRows
watermarkedImage(row, column) = bitset(originalImage(row, column), bitToSet, watermark(row, column));
end
end
% Display the image.
subplot(3, 3, 6);
imshow(watermarkedImage, []);
caption = sprintf('Final Watermarked Image\nwithout added Noise');
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
% add noise to watermarked image
noisyWatermarkedImage = imnoise(watermarkedImage,'gaussian', 0, 0.0005);
% Display the image.
subplot(3, 3, 7);
imshow(noisyWatermarkedImage, []);
caption = sprintf('Watermarked Image\nwith added Noise');
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
%====================================================================================
% Now let's pretend we are starting with the watermarked noisy corrupted image.
% We want to recover the watermark.
% Use the known bitplane of watermarked image to recover the watermark.
recoveredWatermark = zeros(size(noisyWatermarkedImage));
recoveredNoisyWatermark = zeros(size(noisyWatermarkedImage));
for column = 1:visibleColumns
for row = 1:visibleRows
recoveredWatermark(row, column) = bitget(watermarkedImage(row, column), bitToSet);
recoveredNoisyWatermark(row, column) = bitget(noisyWatermarkedImage(row, column), bitToSet);
end
end
% Scale the recovered watermark to 0=255
recoveredWatermark = uint8(255 * recoveredWatermark);
recoveredNoisyWatermark = uint8(255 * recoveredNoisyWatermark);
% Display the images.
subplot(3, 3, 8);
imshow(recoveredWatermark, []);
caption = sprintf('Watermark Recovered\nfrom Bit Plane %d of\nNoise-Free Watermarked Image', bitToSet);
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
% Display the images.
subplot(3, 3, 9);
imshow(recoveredNoisyWatermark, []);
caption = sprintf('Watermark Recovered\nfrom Bit Plane %d of\nNoisy Watermarked Image', bitToSet);
title(caption, 'FontSize', fontSize);
msgbox('Done with demo!');
  7 Comments
Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 26 Mar 2020
It's not my field. All I have is the simple demo I posted. I don't have any other code to give you. If you need more help, click This Link and they will gladly write the code you need, if you want.

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More Answers (2)

Lester
Lester on 10 Feb 2013
Very grateful sir...but the code you have provided is LSB watermarking..what about the code in the DCT domain? is it the same?

diksha
diksha on 16 Jul 2013
plz tell me latest project in watermarking which i can make ? & help me for that coding so that i can easily understand & make matlab project.

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