Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules
RES = SIMPSON(Y) computes an approximation of the integral of Y via
Simpson's 1/3 rule (with unit spacing). Simpson's 1/3 rule uses
quadratic interpolants for numerical integration. To compute the
integral for spacing different from one, multiply RES by the spacing
increment.
For vectors, SIMPSON(Y) is the integral of Y. For matrices, SIMPSON(Y)
is a row vector with the integral over each column. For ND
arrays, SIMPSON(Y) works across the first nonsingleton dimension.
RES = SIMPSON(X,Y) computes the integral of Y with respect to X using
Simpson's 1/3 rule. X and Y must be vectors of the same
length, or X must be a column vector and Y an array whose first
nonsingleton dimension is length(X). SIMPSON operates along this
dimension. Note that X must be equally spaced for proper execution of
the 1/3 and 3/8 rules. If X is not equally spaced, the trapezoid rule
(MATLAB's TRAPZ) is recommended.
RES = SIMPSON(X,Y,DIM) or SIMPSON(Y,DIM) integrates across dimension
DIM of Y. The length of X must be the same as size(Y,DIM)).
RES = SIMPSON(X,Y,DIM,RULE) can be used to toggle between Simpson's 1/3
rule and Simpson's 3/8 rule. Simpson's 3/8 rule uses cubic interpolants
to accomplish the numerical integration. If the default value for DIM
is desired, assign an empty matrix.
 RULE options
[DEFAULT] '1/3' Simpson's rule for quadratic interpolants
'3/8' Simpson's rule for cubic interpolants
Examples:
% Integrate Y = SIN(X)
x = 0:0.2:pi;
y = sin(x);
a = sum(y)*0.2; % Rectangle rule
b = trapz(x,y); % Trapezoid rule
c = simpson(x,y,[],'1/3'); % Simpson's 1/3 rule
d = simpson(x,y,[],'3/8'); % Simpson's 3/8 rule
e = cos(x(1))cos(x(end)); % Actual integral
fprintf('Rectangle Rule: %.15f\n', a)
fprintf('Trapezoid Rule: %.15f\n', b)
fprintf('Simpson''s 1/3 Rule: %.15f\n', c)
fprintf('Simpson''s 3/8 Rule: %.15f\n', d)
fprintf('Actual Integral: %.15f\n', e)
% http://math.fullerton.edu/mathews/n2003/simpson38rule/Simpson38RuleMod/Links/Simpson38RuleMod_lnk_2.html
x1 = linspace(0,2,4);
x2 = linspace(0,2,7);
x4 = linspace(0,2,13);
y = @(x) 2+cos(2*sqrt(x));
format long
y1 = y(x1); res1 = simpson(x1,y1,[],'3/8'); disp(res1)
y2 = y(x2); res2 = simpson(x2,y2,[],'3/8'); disp(res2)
y4 = y(x4); res4 = simpson(x4,y4,[],'3/8'); disp(res4)
Class support for inputs X, Y:
float: double, single
See also sum, cumsum, trapz, cumtrapz.
Cite As
Jered Wells (2024). Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/33493simpsons13and38rules), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .
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Version  Published  Release Notes  

1.2.0.0  Edited example 

1.1.0.0  Made inputs and execution congruent with TRAPZ


1.0.0.0 