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Customizable Natural-Order Sort

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Natural-order sort of a cell array of strings, with customizable numeric format.



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Editor's Note: This file was selected as MATLAB Central Pick of the Week

To sort filenames or filepaths use NATSORTFILES:
To sort the rows of a cell array of strings use NATSORTROWS:

### Summary ###

Alphanumeric sort of a cell array of strings. Sorts the strings taking into account the values of any numeric substrings occurring within those strings. Compare for example:

A = {'a2', 'a10', 'a1'};
ans = 'a1' 'a10' 'a2'
ans = 'a1' 'a2' 'a10'

By default NATSORT simply treats all consecutive digits as integer values, however NATSORT also provides optional user-control over the numeric substring recognition and parsing via a regular expression, allowing the numeric substrings to have:
* a +/- sign
* a decimal point and decimal fraction
* E-notation exponent
* decimal, octal, hexadecimal or binary notation
* prefixes/suffixes/literals which can be ignored
* Inf or NaN value
* any feature supported by regexp, including look-arounds, quantifiers, etc.

The numeric class can be chosen to suit the substrings' numeric data:
* double
* int
* uint

And of course the sorting itself can also be controlled:
* ascending/descending sort direction
* character case sensitivity/insensitivity
* relative order of numeric substrings vs. characters

### Examples ###

The default is for integer numeric substrings, as shown in the example in the introduction.

% Multiple number substrings (e.g. release version numbers):
B = {'v10.6', 'v9.10', 'v9.5', 'v10.10', 'v9.10.20', 'v9.10.8'};
ans = 'v10.10' 'v10.6' 'v9.10' 'v9.10.20' 'v9.10.8' 'v9.5'
ans = 'v9.5' 'v9.10' 'v9.10.8' 'v9.10.20' 'v10.6' 'v10.10'

% Integer, decimal or Inf number substrings, possibly with +/- signs:
C = {'test+Inf', 'test11.5', 'test-1.4', 'test', 'test-Inf', 'test+0.3'};
ans = 'test' 'test+0.3' 'test+Inf' 'test-1.4' 'test-Inf' 'test11.5'
natsort(C, '(-|+)?(Inf|\d+(\.\d+)?)')
ans = 'test' 'test-Inf' 'test-1.4' 'test+0.3' 'test11.5' 'test+Inf'

% Integer or decimal number substrings, possibly with an exponent:
D = {'0.56e007', '', '4.3E-2', '10000', '9.8'};
ans = '' '0.56e007' '10000' '4.3E-2' '9.8'
natsort(D, '\d+(\.\d+)?(E(+|-)?\d+)?')
ans = '' '4.3E-2' '9.8' '10000' '0.56e007'

% Hexadecimal number substrings (possibly with '0X' prefix):
E = {'a0X7C4z', 'a0X5z', 'a0X18z', 'aFz'};
ans = 'a0X18z' 'a0X5z' 'a0X7C4z' 'aFz'
natsort(E, '(?<=a)(0X)?[0-9A-F]+', '%x')
ans = 'a0X5z' 'aFz' 'a0X18z' 'a0X7C4z'

% Binary number substrings (possibly with '0B' prefix):
F = {'a11111000100z', 'a0B101z', 'a0B000000000011000z', 'a1111z'};
ans = 'a0B000000000011000z' 'a0B101z' 'a11111000100z' 'a1111z'
natsort(F, '(0B)?[01]+', '%b')
ans = 'a0B101z' 'a1111z' 'a0B000000000011000z' 'a11111000100z'

% uint64 number substrings (with full precision!):
natsort({'a18446744073709551615z', 'a18446744073709551614z'}, [], '%lu')
ans = 'a18446744073709551614z' 'a18446744073709551615z'

% Case sensitivity:
G = {'a2', 'A20', 'A1', 'a10', 'A2', 'a1'};
natsort(G, [], 'ignorecase') % default
ans = 'A1' 'a1' 'a2' 'A2' 'a10' 'A20'
natsort(G, [], 'matchcase')
ans = 'A1' 'A2' 'A20' 'a1' 'a2' 'a10'

% Sort direction:
H = {'2', 'a', '3', 'B', '1'};
natsort(H, [], 'ascend') % default
ans = '1' '2' '3' 'a' 'B'
natsort(H, [], 'descend')
ans = 'B' 'a' '3' '2' '1'

% Relative sort-order of number substrings compared to characters:
X = num2cell(char(32+randperm(63)));
cell2mat(natsort(X, [], 'asdigit')) % default
ans = '!"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_'
cell2mat(natsort(X, [], 'beforechar'))
ans = '0123456789!"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_'
cell2mat(natsort(X, [], 'afterchar'))
ans = '!"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_0123456789'

Comments and Ratings (7)

Xiaohui Gu

Very useful!

Stephen Cobeldick

@Akim Borbuev: the function NATSORT will parse all of the input cell array, so if you only want to sort by the first column then you can use indexing to select just that column, e.g. given an nx2 cell array C:

[~,idx] = natsort(C(:,1));
D = C(idx,:);

I then used the second output from NATSORT to sort the rows of the cell array. Does that do what you want?

Akim Borbuev


I have a nx2 cell which I would like to apply your natural order sort to the first column but with respective values in the second column. Is it possible?
Thank you.


Junjie Wang

qiap chen

It's good tool

Chang hsiung



* Minor help edit.


* Add HTML documentation.


* Improve input checking.


* Improve binary numeric handling.
* Improve handling of skipped fields.
* Add an example of skipped field usage.


* Improved binary substring parsing.
* Better examples.


- Update documentation only, improve examples.


- Add binary numeric parsing.
- Improve input checking.
- Replace multiple debugging output arrays with one cell array.
- Allow lookarounds in regular expression.


- Simplify hexadecimal example.
- Correct output summary.


- Now parses hexadecimal and octal substrings.
- int64 and uint64 parsed at full precision.
- Allow <options> in any order.
- For debugging: return indices of character and numeric arrays.


- Implement more compact sort algorithm.
- "sscanf" numeric format can be controlled by an optional input argument.
- Provide use examples.
- Output debugging arrays now char+numeric.


- Add examples showing different numeric tokens.
- Case-insensitive sort is now default.

MATLAB Release
MATLAB 7.11 (R2010b)

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