"""How was the universe really formed? What is the nature of gravity? What is dark matter? Do extra dimensions exist? The International Linear Collider (ILC) promises to bring physicists closer to answering these fundamental questions. This 15-year design effort, driven by the work of scientists and engineers at universities and laboratories around the world, could produce an operational collider as early as 2016.
The ILC is a highly complex machine with 20,000 accelerating structures. It consists of two 20-kilometer-long linear accelerators that accelerate beams of electrons and positrons toward each other, producing collision energies of up to 1,000 giga-electron volts....""
By Glen White, University of London
This article appeared in The MathWorks News & Notes, October 2006