This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

table2struct

Convert table to structure array

Syntax

S = table2struct(T)
S = table2struct(T,'ToScalar',true)

Description

example

S = table2struct(T) converts the table, T, to a structure array, S. Each variable of T becomes a field in S. If T is an m-by-n table, then S is a m-by-1 structure array with n fields.

example

S = table2struct(T,'ToScalar',true) converts the table, T, to a scalar structure S. Each variable of T becomes a field in S. If T is a m-by-n table, then S has n fields, each of which has m rows.

Examples

collapse all

Create a table, T, with five rows and three variables.

T = table(categorical({'M';'M';'F';'F';'F'}),[38;43;38;40;49],...
    [124 93;109 77; 125 83; 117 75; 122 80],...
    'VariableNames',{'Gender' 'Age' 'BloodPressure'})
T=5×3 table
    Gender    Age    BloodPressure
    ______    ___    _____________

      M       38      124     93  
      M       43      109     77  
      F       38      125     83  
      F       40      117     75  
      F       49      122     80  

Convert T to a structure array.

S = table2struct(T)
S = 5x1 struct array with fields:
    Gender
    Age
    BloodPressure

The structure is 5-by-1, corresponding to the five rows of the table, T. The three fields of S correspond to the three variables from T.

Display the field data for the first element of S.

S(1)
ans = struct with fields:
           Gender: M
              Age: 38
    BloodPressure: [124 93]

The information corresponds to the first row of the table.

Create a table, T, with five rows and three variables.

T = table(categorical({'M';'M';'F';'F';'F'}),[38;43;38;40;49],...
    [124 93;109 77; 125 83; 117 75; 122 80],...
    'VariableNames',{'Gender' 'Age' 'BloodPressure'})
T=5×3 table
    Gender    Age    BloodPressure
    ______    ___    _____________

      M       38      124     93  
      M       43      109     77  
      F       38      125     83  
      F       40      117     75  
      F       49      122     80  

Convert T to a scalar structure.

S = table2struct(T,'ToScalar',true)
S = struct with fields:
           Gender: [5x1 categorical]
              Age: [5x1 double]
    BloodPressure: [5x2 double]

The data in the fields of the scalar structure are 5-by-1, corresponding to the five rows in the table T.

Display the data for the field BloodPressure.

S.BloodPressure
ans = 5×2

   124    93
   109    77
   125    83
   117    75
   122    80

The structure field BloodPressure contains all of the data that was in the variable of the same name from table T.

Create a table, T, that includes row names.

T = table(categorical({'M';'M';'F';'F';'F'}),[38;43;38;40;49],...
    [124 93;109 77; 125 83; 117 75; 122 80],...
    'VariableNames',{'Gender' 'Age' 'BloodPressure'},...
    'RowNames',{'Smith' 'Johnson' 'Williams' 'Jones' 'Brown'})
T=5×3 table
                Gender    Age    BloodPressure
                ______    ___    _____________

    Smith         M       38      124     93  
    Johnson       M       43      109     77  
    Williams      F       38      125     83  
    Jones         F       40      117     75  
    Brown         F       49      122     80  

Convert T to a scalar structure.

S = table2struct(T,'ToScalar',true)
S = struct with fields:
           Gender: [5x1 categorical]
              Age: [5x1 double]
    BloodPressure: [5x2 double]

Add a field for the row names from the table.

S.RowNames = T.Properties.RowNames
S = struct with fields:
           Gender: [5x1 categorical]
              Age: [5x1 double]
    BloodPressure: [5x2 double]
         RowNames: {5x1 cell}

If S is a nonscalar structure, use [S.RowNames] = T.Properties.RowNames{:} to include a field with the row names from the table.

Input Arguments

collapse all

Input table, specified as a table.

Introduced in R2013b