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Heart Model for Valentine's Day

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Heart Model for Valentine's Day

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14 Feb 2008 (Updated )

This generate a 3D heart surface in Matlab

Editor's Notes:

This file was selected as MATLAB Central Pick of the Week

heart(sizeTheta, sizeFai)
function [cordX, cordY, cordZ] = heart(sizeTheta, sizeFai)
% HEART function generates the x,y,z coordinates for the heart shape.
% it's usage is quite similar to the SPHERE function in Matlab, but do not draw anything.
% the default size of x,y,z coordinates is [30, 160]
% the parameter of sizeFai is actually a quater of the whole range of Fai.
% the mathematical equation used here is found on web page
% http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HeartSurface.html

% This program is for free, i.e. you can copy, modify or distribute it for any usage.
% And I perfer you use it to express love to your special one :-)

% by Xin Zhao
% Feb 14, 2008

if nargin ==0
    sizeTheta = 30;
    sizeFai = 40;
elseif nargin < 2
    error('heart:NotEnoughArugments', 'Please give at least two input arugments');
end;

theta = linspace(0, pi, sizeTheta)';
nudge = 0.0001; % used to avoid the operlapping
fai = linspace(0 + nudge, pi/2 - nudge, round(sizeFai/4));

a = 9/4;
b = 9/80;
A = 1+(a-1)*(sin(theta).^2) * (sin(fai).^2);
B = (sin(theta).^2.*cos(theta).^3) * (1 + (b-1)*(sin(fai).^2));
rou = zeros(size(A));

for iLoop = 1:numel(A);
    curA = A(iLoop);
    curB = B(iLoop);
    % this is the polar coordinates version of the sextic equation found on
    % http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HeartSurface.html
    polyFactors = [curA^3, -curB, -3*curA^2, 0, 3*curA, 0, -1];
    solutions = roots(polyFactors);    
    realRou = real(solutions(abs(imag(solutions))< 1e-9));
    rou(iLoop) = realRou(realRou>0);    
end

% x,y,z for the quater of whole heart
x = rou .* (sin(theta) * cos(fai));
y = rou .* (sin(theta) * sin(fai));
z = rou .* (cos(theta) * ones(size(fai)));

% x,y,z for the whole heart
cordX = [x, -fliplr(x) , -x, fliplr(x)];
cordY = [y, fliplr(y) , -y, -fliplr(y)];
cordZ = [z, fliplr(z), z, fliplr(z)];

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