The fractions toolbox allows users to create and manipulate fractions and fraction arrays of the form K+N/D, e.g.
fr(1,3) % returns 1 / 3
fr(pi) % returns 3 + 4703 / 33215
All the standard arithmetic and comparison operations are valid:
fr(1,3)+fr(1,2) % returns 5 / 6
fr(1,3)>0.3 % returns 1
Linear equations:
A = fr(ones(2),[2,3;5,7]);
B = fr(ones(2,1),[11;13]);
A\B % returns [3+49/143; 4+37/143]
lsq(fr([1;1]),[0;1]) % returns 1/2
The treatment of singular and nonsquare systems is different from that of the builtin "\" so please read the documentation, e.g. for reasons of personal preference "\" does not do leastsquares by default  use lsq instead.
Partial fractions and arbitrarybase digits can be computed:
[d,r]=digits(fr(1,7),4,3) % 4 digits of base3 expansion of 1/7 plus remainder
% returns d=[0,1,0,2] and r= 4/567
Continued fractions expansions of fractions and square roots:
[cf,rep] = cfracsqrt(fr(13,5)) % continued fraction of sqrt(13/5)
[r1,r2] = bestrat(cf,rep,1000) % best rational approximations with denominator limit 1000
A powerful feature of the toolbox is that the numerator and denominator can theoretically be any data types that accept the standard arithmetic and comparison operations as well as gcd and mod. For example, if you have John D'Errico's Variable Precision Integer Toolbox (20 July 2009 release or later; see link below):
prod(fr(1,vpi(2:7)).^10)
ans =
1 / 10575608481180064985917685760000000000
If there exists a suitably defined polynomial object, this toolbox could be used to perform partial fraction and series expansions of rational functions.
See the demo and help files for a full list of features.
The functions have been tested with doubles and vpi integers, but message me if you encounter any problems, and let me know how it goes with other data types.
