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geom2d

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geom2d

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13 Jun 2005 (Updated )

Geometry library for matlab. Performs geometric computations on points, lines, circles, polygons...

isParallel(v1, v2, varargin)
function b = isParallel(v1, v2, varargin)
%ISPARALLEL Check parallelism of two vectors
%
%   B = isParallel(V1, V2)
%   where V1 and V2 are two row vectors of length ND, ND being the
%   dimension, returns 1 if the vectors are parallel, and 0 otherwise.
%
%   Also works when V1 and V2 are two N-by-ND arrays with same number of
%   rows. In this case, return a N-by-1 array containing 1 at the positions
%   of parallel vectors.
%
%   Also works when one of V1 or V2 is N-by-1 and the other one is N-by-ND
%   array, in this case return N-by-1 results.
%
%   B = isParallel(V1, V2, ACCURACY)
%   specifies the accuracy for numerical computation. Default value is
%   1e-14. 
%   
%
%   Example
%   isParallel([1 2], [2 4])
%   ans =
%       1
%   isParallel([1 2], [1 3])
%   ans =
%       0
%
%   See also
%   vectors2d, isPerpendicular, lines2d
%
% ------
% Author: David Legland
% e-mail: david.legland@grignon.inra.fr
% Created: 2006-04-25
% Copyright 2006 INRA - CEPIA Nantes - MIAJ (Jouy-en-Josas).

%   HISTORY
%   2007-09-18 copy from isParallel3d, adapt to any dimension, and add psb
%       to specify precision
%   2007-01-16 fix bug
%   2009-09-21 fix bug for array of 3 vectors
%   2011-01-20 replace repmat by ones-indexing (faster)
%   2011-06-16 use direct computation (faster)

% default accuracy
acc = 1e-14;
if ~isempty(varargin)
    acc = abs(varargin{1});
end

% adapt size of inputs if needed
n1 = size(v1, 1);
n2 = size(v2, 1);
if n1 ~= n2
    if n1 == 1
        v1 = v1(ones(n2,1), :);
    elseif n2 == 1
        v2 = v2(ones(n1,1), :);
    end
end

% performs computation
if size(v1, 2) == 2
    % computation for plane vectors
    b = abs(v1(:, 1) .* v2(:, 2) - v1(:, 2) .* v2(:, 1)) < acc;
else
    % computation in greater dimensions 
    b = vectorNorm(cross(v1, v2, 2)) < acc;
end

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