Geodesy is the study and measurement of the Earth’s shape. It enables the calculation of positions and distances while taking into consideration the curvature of the Earth’s surface. Applications of geodesy include tracking changes in crustal motion, erosion, and post-glacial rebound. Examples of typical geodesic calculations include:
- Surface area of polygons or quadrangle
- Distances along an ellipsoidal surface
- Intersections of lines and polygons
- Azimuth angle between points
- Great circles, rhumb lines, and small circles
- Conversion between geodetic and geocentric latitude
For more information about geometric geodesy and map projections, see Mapping Toolbox™.