Explore the Conventional Vehicle Reference Application

The conventional vehicle reference application represents a full vehicle model with an internal combustion engine, transmission, and associated powertrain control algorithms. Use the reference application for powertrain matching analysis and component selection, control and diagnostic algorithm design, and hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) testing. To create and open a working copy of the conventional vehicle reference application project, enter

By default, the conventional vehicle reference application is configured with these powertrain subsystem variants:

  • 1.5–L spark-ignition (SI) dynamic engine

  • Performance mode transmission controller

This table describes the blocks and subsystems in the reference application, indicating which subsystems contain variants. To implement the model variants, the reference application uses variant subsystems.

Reference Application ElementDescriptionVariants

Analyze Power and Energy

Double-click Analyze Power and Energy to open a live script. Run the script to evaluate and report power and energy consumption at the component- and system-level. For more information about the live script, see Analyze Power and Energy.

NA

Drive Cycle Source block — FTP75 (2474 seconds)

Generates a standard or user-specified drive cycle velocity versus time profile. Block output is the selected or specified vehicle longitudinal speed.

 
Environment subsystem

Creates environment variables, including road grade, wind velocity, and ambient temperature and pressure.

 
Longitudinal Driver subsystem

Uses the Longitudinal Driver or Open Loop variant to generate normalized acceleration and braking commands.

  • Longitudinal Driver variant implements a driver model that uses vehicle target and reference velocities.

  • Open Loop variant allows you to configure the acceleration, deceleration, gear, and clutch commands with constant or signal-based inputs.

Controllers subsystem

Implements a powertrain control module (PCM) containing a transmission control module (TCM) and engine control module (ECM).

Passenger Car subsystem

Implements a passenger car that contains transmission drivetrain and engine plant model subsystems.

Visualization subsystem

Displays vehicle-level performance, fuel economy, and emission results that are useful for powertrain matching and component selection analysis.

 

Evaluate and Report Power and Energy

Double-click Analyze Power and Energy to open a live script. Run the script to evaluate and report power and energy consumption at the component- and system-level.

The script provides:

  • An overall energy summary that you can export to an Excel® spreadsheet.

  • Engine plant and drivetrain efficiencies, including an engine plant histogram of time spent at the different engine efficiencies.

  • Data logging so that you can use the Simulation Data Inspector to analyze the powertrain efficiency and energy transfer signals.

For more information about the live script, see Analyze Power and Energy.

Drive Cycle Source

The Drive Cycle Source block generates a target vehicle velocity for a selected or specified drive cycle. The reference application has these options.

TimingVariantDescription

Output sample time

Continuous (default)

Continuous operator commands

Discrete

Discrete operator commands

Longitudinal Driver

The Longitudinal Driver subsystem generates normalized acceleration and braking commands. The reference application has these variants.

Block Variants

Description

Longitudinal Driver (default)

Control

Mapped

PI control with tracking windup and feed-forward gains that are a function of vehicle velocity.

Predictive

Optimal single-point preview (look ahead) control.

Scalar

Proportional-integral (PI) control with tracking windup and feed-forward gains.

Low-pass filter (LPF)

LPF

Use an LPF on target velocity error for smoother driving.

pass

Do not use a filter on velocity error.

Shift

Basic

Stateflow® chart models reverse, neutral, and drive gear shift scheduling.

External

Input gear, vehicle state, and velocity feedback generates acceleration and braking commands to track forward and reverse vehicle motion.

None

No transmission.

Scheduled

Stateflow chart models reverse, neutral, park, and N-speed gear shift scheduling.

Open Loop

Open-loop control subsystem. In the subsystem, you can configure the acceleration, deceleration, gear, and clutch commands with constant or signal-based inputs.

To idle the engine at the beginning of a drive cycle and simulate catalyst light-off before moving the vehicle with a pedal command, use the Longitudinal Driver variant. The Longitudinal Driver subsystem includes an ignition switch signal profile, IgSw. The engine controller uses the ignition switch signal to start both the engine and a catalyst light-off timer.

The catalyst light-off timer overrides the engine stop-start (ESS) stop function control while the catalyst light-off timer is counting up. During the simulation, after the IgSw down-edge time reaches the catalyst light-off time CatLightOffTime, normal ESS operation resumes. If there is no torque command before the simulation reaches the EngStopTime, the ESS shuts down the engine.

To control ESS and catalyst light-off:

  • In the Longitudinal Driver Model subsystem, set the ignition switch profile IgSw to 'on'.

  • In the engine controller model workspace, set these calibration parameters:

    • EngStopStartEnable — Enables ESS. To disable ESS, set the value to false.

    • CatLightOffTime — Engine idle time from engine start to catalyst light-off.

    • EngStopTime — ESS engine run time after driver model torque request cut-off.

Controllers

To implement a powertrain control module (PCM), the Controller subsystem has a transmission control module (TCM) and an engine control module (ECM). The reference application has these variants.

ControllerVariantDescription
Engine controller — ECMSiEngineController (default)

SI engine controller

CiEngineController

CI engine controller

Transmission controller — TCMPowertrainMaxPowerController (default)

Performance mode transmission controller

PowertrainBestFuelController

Fuel economy mode transmission controller

Passenger Car

To implement a passenger car, the Passenger Car subsystem contains drivetrain and engine plant model subsystems. To create your own internal combustion engine variants for the reference application, use the CI and SI engine project templates. The reference application has these variants.

Drivetrain SubsystemVariantDescription

Dual clutch transmission (DCT)

DCT Block (default)

Configure drivetrain with DCT block or DCT system. For the DCT system, you can configure the type of filter.

DCT System

Differential and Compliance

All Wheel Drive

Configure drivetrain for all wheel, front wheel, or rear wheel drive. For the all wheel drive variant, you can configure the type of coupling torque.

Front Wheel Drive (default)
Rear Wheel Drive

Vehicle

Vehicle Body 3 DOF Longitudinal

Vehicle configured for 3 degrees of freedom.

Wheels and Brakes

All Wheel Drive

Configure drivetrain for all wheel, front wheel, or rear wheel drive. For the wheels, you can configure the type of:

  • Brake

  • Force calculation

  • Resistance calculation

  • Vertical motion

For performance and clarity, to determine the longitudinal force of each wheel, the variants implement the Longitudinal Wheel block. To determine the total longitudinal force of all wheels acting on the axle, the variants use a scale factor to multiply the force of one wheel by the number of wheels on the axle. By using this approach to calculate the total force, the variants assume equal tire slip and loading at the front and rear axles, which is common for longitudinal powertrain studies. If this is not the case, for example when friction or loads differ on the left and right sides of the axles, use unique Longitudinal Wheel blocks to calculate independent forces. However, using unique blocks to model each wheel increases model complexity and computational cost.

Front Wheel Drive (default)

Rear Wheel Drive

Engine SubsystemVariantDescription
Engine

SiEngine

Dynamic SI engine with turbocharger

SiMappedEngine (default)

Mapped SI engine with implicit turbocharger

SiDLEngine

Deep learning SI engine

CiEngine

Dynamic CI engine with turbocharger

CiMappedEngine

Mapped CI engine with implicit turbocharger

See Also

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