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Data structure encapsulating data and metadata from microarray experiment so that it can be indexed by gene or probe identifiers and by sample identifiers

A DataMatrix object is a data structure encapsulating measurement data and feature metadata from a microarray experiment so that it can be indexed by gene or probe identifiers and by sample identifiers. A DataMatrix object stores experimental data in a matrix, with rows typically corresponding to gene names or probe identifiers, and columns typically corresponding to sample identifiers. A DataMatrix object also stores metadata, such as the gene names or probe identifiers and sample identifiers, in row names and column names.

You create a DataMatrix object using the object constructor
function `DataMatrix`

.

**Properties of a DataMatrix Object**

Property | Description |
---|---|

`Name` | Character vector that describes
the DataMatrix object. Default is |

`RowNames`
| Empty array or cell array of character vectors that specifies the names for the rows, typically gene names or probe identifiers. The number of elements in the cell array must equal the number of rows in the matrix. Default is an empty array. |

`ColNames` | Empty array or cell array of character vectors that specifies the names for the columns, typically sample identifiers. The number of elements in the cell array must equal the number of columns in the matrix. |

`NRows` | Read-only. Positive number that specifies the number of rows in the matrix.
You cannot modify this property directly. You can access it
using the |

`NCols` | Read-only. Positive number that specifies the number of columns in the matrix.
You cannot modify this property directly. You can access it
using the |

`NDims` | Read-only. Positive number that specifies the number of dimensions in the matrix.
You cannot modify this property directly. You can access it
using the |

`ElementClass` | Read-only. Character vector that
specifies the class type of the elements in the DataMatrix object,
such as
You cannot modify this property directly. You can access it
using the |

**General Methods of a DataMatrix Object**

Method | Description |
---|---|

`colnames` | Retrieve or set column names of DataMatrix object. |

`disp` | Display DataMatrix object. |

`display` | Display DataMatrix object, printing DataMatrix object name. To invoke this method, enter the name of a DataMatrix object at the command prompt. |

`dmwrite` | Write DataMatrix object to text file. |

`double` | Convert DataMatrix object to double-precision array. |

`get` | Retrieve information about DataMatrix object. |

`isempty` | Determine if DataMatrix object is empty. |

`isfinite` | Determine if DataMatrix object elements are finite. |

`isinf` | Determine if DataMatrix object elements are infinite. |

`isnan` | Determine if DataMatrix object elements are NaN. |

`isscalar` | Determine if DataMatrix object is scalar. |

`isequal` | Test DataMatrix objects for equality. |

`isequaln` | Test DataMatrix objects for equality, treating NaNs as equal. |

`isvector` | Determine if DataMatrix object is vector. |

`length` | Return length of DataMatrix object. |

`ndims` | Return number of dimensions in DataMatrix object. |

`numel` | Return number of elements in DataMatrix object. |

`plot` | Draw 2-D line plot of DataMatrix object. |

`rownames` | Retrieve or set row names of DataMatrix object. |

`set` | Set property of DataMatrix object. |

`single` | Convert DataMatrix object to single-precision array. |

`size` | Return size of DataMatrix object. |

**Methods for Manipulating the Data in a DataMatrix Object**

Method | Description |
---|---|

`cat` | Concatenate DataMatrix objects. The `horzcat` and `vertcat` methods
implement special cases. |

`horzcat` | Concatenate DataMatrix objects horizontally. |

`sortcols` | Sort columns of DataMatrix object in ascending or descending order. |

`sortrows` | Sort rows of DataMatrix object in ascending or descending order. |

`subsasgn` | Subscripted assignment for DataMatrix object. To invoke this method, use parentheses or dot indexing described in Accessing Data in DataMatrix Objects. |

`subsref` | Subscripted reference for DataMatrix object. To invoke this method, use parentheses or dot indexing described in Accessing Data in DataMatrix Objects. |

`transpose` | Transpose DataMatrix object. |

`vertcat` | Concatenate DataMatrix objects vertically. |

**Descriptive Statistics and Statistical Learning Methods**

Method | Description |
---|---|

`kmeans` | K-means clustering. |

`max` | Return maximum values in DataMatrix object. |

`mean` | Return average or mean values in DataMatrix object. |

`median` | Return median values in DataMatrix object. |

`min` | Return minimum values in DataMatrix object. |

`nanmax` | Return maximum values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nanmean` | Return average or mean values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nanmedian` | Return median values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nanmin` | Return minimum values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nanstd` | Return standard deviation values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nansum` | Return sum of elements in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`nanvar` | Return variance values in DataMatrix object ignoring NaN values. |

`pca` | Principal component analysis on data. |

`pdist` | Pairwise distance. |

`std` | Return standard deviation values in DataMatrix object. |

`sum` | Return sum of elements in DataMatrix object. |

`var` | Return variance values in DataMatrix object. |

**Unary Methods — Exponential**

**Unary Methods — Integer**

**Unary Methods — Custom**

Method | Description |
---|---|

`dmarrayfun` | Apply function to each element in DataMatrix object. |

**Binary Methods — Arithmetic Operator**

**Binary Methods — Relational Operator**

Operator | Method | Description |
---|---|---|

`<` | `lt` | Test DataMatrix objects for less than. |

`<=` | `le` | Test DataMatrix objects for less than or equal to. |

`>` | `gt` | Test DataMatrix objects for greater than. |

`>=` | `ge` | Test DataMatrix objects for greater than or equal to. |

`==` | `eq` | Test DataMatrix objects for equality. |

`~=` | `ne` | Test DataMatrix objects for inequality. |

**Binary Methods — Custom**

Method | Description |
---|---|

`dmbsxfun` | Apply element-by-element binary operation to two DataMatrix objects with singleton expansion enabled. |

Example 5. Determining Properties and Property Values of a DataMatrix
Object

You can display all properties and their current values of a
DataMatrix object, * DMobj*, by using the
following syntax:

get(DMobj)

You can return all properties and their current values of * DMobj*,
a DataMatrix object, to

`DMstruct`

DMstruct= get(DMobj)

You can return the value of a specific property of a DataMatrix
object, * DMobj*, by using either of the following
syntaxes:

PropertyValue= get(DMObj, 'PropertyName')

PropertyValue=DMObj.PropertyName

You can return the value of specific properties of a DataMatrix
object, * DMobj*, by using the following syntax:

[Property1Value,Property2Value, ...] = get(DMobj, ... 'Property1Name', 'Property2Name', ...)

Example 6. Determining Possible Values of DataMatrix Object Properties

You can display possible values for all properties that have
a fixed set of property values in a DataMatrix object, * DMobj*,
by using the following syntax:

set(DMobj)

You can display possible values for a specific property that
has a fixed set of property values in a DataMatrix object, * DMobj*,
by using the following syntax:

set(DMObj, 'PropertyName')

Example 7. Specifying Properties of a DataMatrix Object

You can set a specific property of a DataMatrix object, * DMObj*,
by using either of the following syntaxes:

DMObj= set(DMObj, 'PropertyName',PropertyValue)

DMObj.PropertyName=PropertyValue

You can set multiple properties of a DataMatrix object, * DMobj*,
by using the following syntax:

set(DMobj, 'PropertyName1',PropertyValue1, ... 'PropertyName2',PropertyValue2, ...)

**Note**

For more examples of creating and using DataMatrix objects, see Representing Expression Data Values in DataMatrix Objects.

`colnames`

| `DataMatrix`

| `disp`

| `dmarrayfun`

| `dmbsxfun`

| `dmwrite`

| `double`

| `eq`

| `ge`

| `get`

| `gt`

| `horzcat`

| `isequal`

| `isequaln`

| `ldivide`

| `le`

| `lt`

| `max`

| `mean`

| `median`

| `min`

| `minus`

| `ndims`

| `ne`

| `numel`

| `plot`

| `plus`

| `power`

| `rdivide`

| `rownames`

| `set`

| `single`

| `sortcols`

| `sortrows`

| `std`

| `sum`

| `times`

| `var`

| `vertcat`