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optByMertonFD

Option price by Merton76 model using finite differences

Syntax

[Price,PriceGrid,AssetPrices,Times] = optByMertonFD(Rate,AssetPrice,Settle,ExerciseDates,OptSpec,Strike,Sigma,MeanJ,JumpVol,JumpFreq)
[Price,PriceGrid,AssetPrices,Times] = optByMertonFD(___,Name,Value)

Description

example

[Price,PriceGrid,AssetPrices,Times] = optByMertonFD(Rate,AssetPrice,Settle,ExerciseDates,OptSpec,Strike,Sigma,MeanJ,JumpVol,JumpFreq) computes a vanilla European or American option price by the Merton76 model, using the Crank-Nicolson Adams-Bashforth (CNAB) IMEX method.

example

[Price,PriceGrid,AssetPrices,Times] = optByMertonFD(___,Name,Value) specifies options using one or more name-value pair arguments in addition to the input arguments in the previous syntax.

Examples

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Define the option variables and Merton model parameters.

AssetPrice = 90;
Strike = 100;
Rate = 0.06;
DividendYield = 0.1;
Settle = '01-Jan-2018';
ExerciseDates = '02-Apr-2018';

Sigma = 0.40;
MeanJ = -0.10;
JumpVol = 0.01;
JumpFreq = 1.00;

Compute the American call option price using the finite differences method.

OptSpec = 'Call';

Price = optSensByMertonFD(Rate, AssetPrice, Settle, ExerciseDates, OptSpec, Strike,...
Sigma, MeanJ, JumpVol, JumpFreq, 'DividendYield', DividendYield, 'AmericanOpt', 1)
Price = 3.4551

Input Arguments

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Continuously compounded risk-free interest rate, specified as a scalar decimal value.

Data Types: double

Current underlying asset price, specified as a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Option settlement date, specified as a scalar using a serial date number, date character vector, datetime object, or string scalar.

Data Types: double | char | datetime | string

Option exercise dates, specified as a serial date number, date character vector, datetime array, or string array:

  • For a European option, use a scalar serial date number, date character vector, datetime object, or string scalar. For a European option, ExerciseDates contains only one value: the option expiry date.

  • For an American option, use a 1-by-2 vector of serial date numbers, date character vectors, datetime arrays, or string arrays to specify the exercise date boundaries. An American option can be exercised on any date between or including the pair of dates. If only one non-NaN date is listed, then the option can be exercised between Settle date and the single listed value in ExerciseDates.

Data Types: double | char | datetime | string

Definition of the option, specified as a scalar using a character vector or string array with a value of 'call' or 'put'.

Data Types: cell | string

Option strike price value, specified as a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Volatility of the underling asset, specified as a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Mean of the random percentage jump size (J), specified as a scalar decimal value where log(1+J) is normally distributed with the mean (log(1+MeanJ)-0.5*JumpVol^2) and the standard deviation JumpVol.

Data Types: double

Standard deviation of log(1+J) where J is the random percentage jump size, specified as a scalar decimal.

Data Types: double

Annual frequency of the Poisson jump process, specified as a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: [Price,PriceGrid] = optByMertonFD(Rate,AssetPrice,Settle,ExerciseDates,OptSpec,Strike,MeanJ,JumpVol,JumpFreq,'Basis',7)

Day-count basis of the instrument, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Basis' and a scalar using a supported value:

  • 0 = actual/actual

  • 1 = 30/360 (SIA)

  • 2 = actual/360

  • 3 = actual/365

  • 4 = 30/360 (PSA)

  • 5 = 30/360 (ISDA)

  • 6 = 30/360 (European)

  • 7 = actual/365 (Japanese)

  • 8 = actual/actual (ICMA)

  • 9 = actual/360 (ICMA)

  • 10 = actual/365 (ICMA)

  • 11 = 30/360E (ICMA)

  • 12 = actual/365 (ISDA)

  • 13 = BUS/252

For more information, see basis.

Data Types: double

Continuously compounded underlying asset yield, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'DividendYield' and a scalar numeric.

Note

If you enter a value for DividendYield, then set DividendAmounts and ExDividendDates = [ ] or do not enter them. If you enter values for DividendAmounts and ExDividendDates, then set DividendYield = 0.

Data Types: double

Cash dividend amounts, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'DividendAmounts' and an NDIV-by-1 vector.

Note

Each dividend amount must have a corresponding ex-dividend date. If you enter values for DividendAmounts and ExDividendDates, then set DividendYield = 0.

Data Types: double

Ex-dividend dates, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'ExDividendDates' and an NDIV-by-1 vector of serial date numbers, date character vectors, string arrays, or datetime arrays.

Data Types: double | char | string | datetime

Maximum price for the price grid boundary, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'AssetPriceMax' and a positive scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Size of the asset grid for the finite difference grid, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'AssetGridSize' and a scalar numeric.

Data Types: double

Number of nodes of the time grid for the finite difference grid, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'TimeGridSize' and a positive numeric scalar.

Data Types: double

Option type, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'AmericanOpt' and a scalar flag with one of these values:

  • 0 — European

  • 1 — American

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Option price, returned as a scalar numeric.

Grid containing prices calculated by the finite difference method, returned as a two-dimensional grid with size AssetGridSizeTimeGridSize. The number of columns is not necessarily equal to the TimeGridSize because exercise and ex-dividend dates are added to the time grid. PriceGrid(:, :, end) contains the price for t = 0.

Prices of the asset corresponding to the first dimension of PriceGrid, returned as a vector.

Times corresponding to the second dimension of PriceGrid, returned as a vector.

More About

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Merton Jump Diffusion Model

The Merton jump diffusion model [2] extends the Black-Scholes model by using the Poisson process to include jump diffusion parameters in the modeling of sudden asset price movements (both up and down).

The stochastic differential equation is

dSt=(rqλpμj)Stdt+σStdWt+JStdPtprob(dPt=1)=λpdt

where:

r is the continuous risk-free rate.

q is the continuous dividend yield.

Wt is the Weiner process.

J is the random percentage jump size conditional on the jump occurring, where ln(1+J) is normally distributed with mean ln(1+μJ)δ22 and the standard deviation δ, and (1+J) has a lognormal distribution:

1(1+J)δ2πexp{[ln(1+J)(ln(1+μJ)δ22]2δ22}

where:

μJ is the mean of J for (μJ > -1).

δ is the standard deviation of ln(1+J) for (δ≥ 0).

ƛp is the annual frequency (intensity) of Poisson process Ptfor (ƛp ≥ 0).

σ is the volatility of the asset price for (σ > 0).

References

[1] Cont, R., and E. Voltchkova. “A Finite Difference Scheme for Option Pricing in Jump Diffusion and Exponential Lévy Models.” SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis. Vol. 43, Number 4, 2005, pp. 1596-1626.

[2] Merton, R. "Option Pricing When Underlying Stock Returns Are Discontinuous." The Journal of Financial Economics. Vol 3. 1976, pp. 125-144.

Introduced in R2019a