This is machine translation

Translated by Microsoft
Mouseover text to see original. Click the button below to return to the English version of the page.

Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see
To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

Getting Started with Mapping Toolbox


About Mapping

  • What Is a Map?

    A map is a representation of geographic data. Map data represents a set of geographic locations or properties.

  • What Is Geospatial Data?

    Geospatial data represents positions on the surface of a planet through ordered coordinate pairs or in matrix format.

  • Vector Geodata

    Vector geodata consists of sequentially ordered pairs of geographic (latitude, longitude) or projected (x,y) coordinate pairs.

  • Raster Geodata

    Raster geodata represents map data in matrix format.

  • Latitude and Longitude

    Latitude and longitude specify the position of a point on the surface of a planet. They are defined as angles between the point, the equator, and the axis of rotation.

  • The Shape of the Earth

    The Earth can be modeled with increasing precision as a perfect sphere, an oblate spheroid, an ellipsoid, or a geoid.

  • Map Projections and Distortions

    A map projection transforms a curved surface such as the Earth onto a two-dimensional plane. All map projections introduce distortions compared to maps on globes.