Create symbolic functions



f(inputs) = formula creates the symbolic function f. For example, f(x,y) = x + y. The symbolic variables in inputs are the input arguments. The symbolic expression formula is the body of the function f.

f = symfun(formula,inputs) is the formal way to create a symbolic function.


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Define the symbolic function x + y. First, create the function by using syms. Then define the function.

syms f(x,y)
f(x,y) = x + y
f(x, y) =
x + y

Find the value of f at x = 1 and y = 2.

ans =

Define the function again by using the formal way.

syms x y
f = symfun(x+y,[x y])
f(x, y) =
x + y

Return the body of a symbolic function by using formula. You can use the body for operations such as indexing into the function. Return the arguments of a symbolic function by using argnames.

Index into the symbolic function [x^2, y^4]. Since a symbolic function is a scalar, you cannot directly index into the function. Instead, index into the body of the function.

syms f(x,y)
f(x,y) = [x^2, y^4];

fbody = formula(f);
ans =
ans =

Return the arguments of the function.

fvars = argnames(f)
fvars =
[ x, y]

Input Arguments

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Function body, specified as a symbolic expression, vector of symbolic expressions, or matrix of symbolic expressions.

Example: x + y

Input argument or arguments of a function, specified as a symbolic variable or an array of symbolic variables, respectively.

Example: [x,y]

Output Arguments

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Function, returned as a symbolic function (symfun data type).

Introduced in R2012a