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what is the difference between image and imshow ?

While reading the MATLAB Help, I ran into the functions "image()" and "Imread".
From what I see, those functions do the same thing.
What is the difference?
Matar

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2 Answers

Answer by Brett Shoelson on 13 Feb 2011
 Accepted Answer

image is a MATLAB command that visualizes your matrix as simply a matrix of numbers. The colors used to represent each value might be meaningless to the representation of the matrix as an image.
imshow is an Image Processing Toolbox command that treats your matrix as an image. It assumes that the elements are pixel intensities, and that you might want more control over the colormap, you probably don't want grid lines or axes tick marks, and you probably want to maintain the aspect ratio.
Consider:
img = imread('cameraman.tif');
figure;
image(img)
Colors are meaningless; even applying a seemingly reasonable colormap might give you unexpected results.
set(gcf,'colormap',gray);
Now consider:
figure;
subplot(1,2,1);
image(img);
subplot(1,2,2);
imshow(img)
Even with the colormap established by the matrix-as-image, image gives you behavior you don't necessarily want from an image viewer. Cheers,
Brett

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thanke you very muce.
the answer is great!
the image function is a function of intensities, then, being visualized with colors.

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Answer by Walter Roberson
on 18 Feb 2011

Bah, the only difference I see is the "axis image" and turning the ticks off, both of which are easy enough to do with image() without requiring the Image Processing Toolbox
I also found it quite easy to break the functionality of imshow(). It happened several times in a row for me. Unfortunately I can't reproduce it in an independent test.

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Of course you can view your image without the Image Processing Toolbox! If you don't have that tool, then by all means that is the thing to do. But if you do have the IPT, IMSHOW just streamlines the "proper" display of images.
Walter, I'd be very interested in seeing _how_ you've broken IMSHOW, if you can ever reproduce it!

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