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Calculate dV/dQ to plot differential voltage analysis curve?

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I have all the required data but do not know how to differentiate my voltage with respect to discharge/charge capacity given.
John D'Errico
John D'Errico on 3 Jun 2022
@Alberto Cuadra Lara Comments cannot be accepted as answers. If you want credit for an answer, then you need to post it as an answer.

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Alberto Cuadra Lara
Alberto Cuadra Lara on 3 Jun 2022
Hello Ekagra,
I guess you have numerical values of the voltage as a function of the discharge/charge capacity, right? In this case, you can compute the first derivative numerically, e.g., using finite central differences as follows, where x and y will be Q and V, respectively.
% Definitions
x = linspace(0, 2*pi);
y = sin(x);
% Compute first derivative
dydx = compute_first_derivative(y, x);
% Plot
figure; hold on;
plot(x, y);
plot(x(2:end), dydx);
xlabel('x', 'interpreter', 'latex')
ylabel('y', 'interpreter', 'latex')
legend({'y(x)', 'dy(x)/dx'}, 'interpreter', 'latex', 'location', 'northeastoutside');
function dxdy = compute_first_derivative(x, y)
% Compute first central derivate using a non-uniform grid
% Args:
% x (float): Values for the corresponding grid
% y (float): Grid values
% Returns:
% dxdy (float): Value of the first derivate for the given grid and its corresponding values
% Author: Alberto Cuadra-Lara
h = y(2:end) - y(1:end-1);
hmax = max(h);
mu = h / hmax;
dxdy = zeros(1, length(h));
dxdy(1) = ((x(2) - x(1)) ./ h(1));
for i = 2:length(mu)-1
dxdy(i) = (mu(i)^2 * x(i+1) - (mu(i)^2 - mu(i+1)^2) * x(i) - mu(i+1)^2 * x(i-1)) / ((mu(i)^2 * mu(i+1) + mu(i) * mu(i+1)^2) * hmax);
% Direct method
% dxdy(2:end-1) = (mu(2:end-1).^2 .* x(3:end-1) - (mu(2:end-1).^2 - mu(3:end).^2) .* x(2:end-2) - mu(3:end).^2 .* x(1:end-3)) ./ ((mu(2:end-1).^2 .* mu(3:end) + mu(2:end-1) .* mu(3:end).^2) * hmax);
dxdy(end) = ((x(end) - x(end-1)) ./ h(end));

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