how to combine the image sub blocks back to the image???

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user06
user06 on 13 Mar 2015
Answered: sam alsalihy on 25 Apr 2020
i have divide the 256*256 image into 4 blocks and into the each block i have performed some operation. now i want that all the blocks will combine back to the image. how to to that. i have divided the image by the following code.
% Read the image from disk.
rgbImage = imread(fullFileName);
rgbImage=imresize(a,[512 512]);
% Enlarge figure to full screen.
set(gcf, 'units','normalized','outerposition',[0 0 1 1]);
drawnow;
% Get the dimensions of the image. numberOfColorBands should be = 3.
[rows columns numberOfColorBands] = size(rgbImage)
%==========================================================================
% The first way to divide an image up into blocks is by using mat2cell().
blockSizeR = 128; % Rows in block.
blockSizeC = 128; % Columns in block.
% Figure out the size of each block in rows.
% Most will be blockSizeR but there may be a remainder amount of less than that.
wholeBlockRows = floor(rows / blockSizeR);
blockVectorR = [blockSizeR * ones(1, wholeBlockRows), rem(rows, blockSizeR)];
% Figure out the size of each block in columns.
wholeBlockCols = floor(columns / blockSizeC);
blockVectorC = [blockSizeC * ones(1, wholeBlockCols), rem(columns, blockSizeC)];
% Create the cell array, ca.
% Each cell (except for the remainder cells at the end of the image)
% in the array contains a blockSizeR by blockSizeC by 3 color array.
% This line is where the image is actually divided up into blocks.
if numberOfColorBands > 1
% It's a color image.
ca = mat2cell(rgbImage, blockVectorR, blockVectorC, numberOfColorBands);
else
ca = mat2cell(rgbImage, blockVectorR, blockVectorC);
end
% Now display all the blocks.
plotIndex = 1;
numPlotsR = size(ca, 1);
numPlotsC = size(ca, 2);
for r = 1 : numPlotsR
for c = 1 : numPlotsC
fprintf('plotindex = %d, c=%d, r=%d\n', plotIndex, c, r);
% Specify the location for display of the image.
subplot(numPlotsR, numPlotsC, plotIndex);
% Extract the numerical array out of the cell
rgbBlock = ca{r,c};
imshow(rgbBlock); % Could call imshow(ca{r,c}) if you wanted to.
[rowsB columnsB numberOfColorBandsB] = size(rgbBlock);
% Make the caption the block number.
caption = sprintf('Block #%d of %d\n%d rows by %d columns', ...
plotIndex, numPlotsR*numPlotsC, rowsB, columnsB);
title(caption);
drawnow;
% Increment the subplot to the next location.
plotIndex = plotIndex + 1;
end
end
% Display the original image in the upper left.
subplot(4, 6, 1);
imshow(rgbImage);
title('Original Image');
this code belongs to imageAnalyst.

Answers (1)

sam alsalihy
sam alsalihy on 25 Apr 2020
dear Sir/madam
after using the above code you can reconstruct the image by following code
[S A]=size(old_image);
T=blockSizeR*wholeBlockCols;
for v=1:wholeBlockRows
if(v==1)
for r = 1 : S
for c = 1 : T
a(r,c)=old_image(r,c);
end
end
else
v2=v-1;
cw= S*v2+1;
for r = 1 : S
m=1;
for c = T*v2+1 : T*v
a(cw,m)=old_image(r,c);
m=m+1;
end
cw=cw+1;
end
end
end

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