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"IllegalAccessError" when I call MATLAB Compiler SDK Java library with Java 17 and versions above

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I compiled my MATLAB function to a Java package with MATLAB Compiler SDK. When I call the package against Java 17 or versions above 17 runtime, the application fails with error below or similar.
"java.lang.IllegalAccessError: superclass access check failed".
For example, when I call a Java package that compiled the MATLAB plot function, I receive error:
Exception in thread "AWT-EventQueue-0": java.lang.IllegalAccessError: superclass access check failed: class com.mathworks.hg.peer.types.HGMotifCheckMenuUI (in unnamed module @0x6eb317bb) cannot access class com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif.MotifMenuUI (in module java.desktop) because module java.desktop does not export com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif to unnamed module @0x6eb317bb

Accepted Answer

MathWorks Support Team
MathWorks Support Team on 11 Apr 2024
Edited: MathWorks Support Team on 11 Apr 2024
This error is due to encapsulation barriers introduced by the module system in Java, particularly for reflection-based access by libraries and frameworks. MathWorks' Java code accesses some non-public fields and methods of java.* packages.
To workaround the issue, please specify --add-opens option with the module and package name mentioned in the error message at runtime. For above example error message, the module is "java.desktop" and package is "com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif". So the java command is 
java -classpath .;"matlabroot\toolbox\javabuilder\jar\javabuilder.jar";.\<yourCompiledLibrary>.jar --add-opens java.desktop/com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif=ALL-UNNAMED <yourJavaApp>
You can have multiple --add-opens options. Below packages are what we have discovered so far that may trigger this error. But this is not an exhaustive list.
  • java.desktop/sun.awt
  • java.desktop/sun.java2d
  • java.desktop/com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif
  • java.desktop/com.apple.eawt
To open all these packages, you can use below command: 
java -classpath .;"matlabroot\toolbox\javabuilder\jar\javabuilder.jar";.\<yourCompiledLibrary>.jar --add-opens java.desktop/sun.awt=ALL-UNNAMED --add-opens java.desktop/sun.java2d=ALL-UNNAMED --add-opens java.desktop/com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif=ALL-UNNAMED --add-opens java.desktop/com.apple.eawt=ALL-UNNAMED <yourJavaApp>

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