Yes, MATLAB can be used to visualize data for turbulent flows. One of the examples would be the MATLAB code available on the Johns Hopkins Turbulence database website:Using the JHU Turbulence Database Matlab Analysis Tools. This GUI based implementation "provides functionality for plotting/animating velocity and vorticity fields, computing and plotting longitudinal energy spectra, and computing PDF's of velocity, pressure, and velocity increments". Here is one of the snapshots I could produce at my end.
Here, the data is fetched from the JHU Turbulence Database Cluster. You can write a similar code to visualize your own data.