Asked by Tariq Raza
on 26 Mar 2016

what's the difference between writing 1.0 and 1. or 2.0 and 2. ?

Answer by Ced
on 26 Mar 2016

Edited by Ced
on 26 Mar 2016

There is not difference in matlab. Sometimes, people like to write "1." instead of 1 to make it easier to port to/from other programming languages later, as it is a sign that the number should be a double (or float), as opposed to an integer or bool. But that's purely for readability, there is no programmatic reason within matlab.

They also use the *same amount of memory*, since both 1 and 1.0 use 8 Bytes (is it 4 Bytes on a 32Bit version of Matlab...? not sure). Matlab even evaluates 1.0 as "true".

Stephen Cobeldick
on 26 Mar 2016

@Ced: why would the size change for 32 bit versions? A `double` is always 8 bytes, regardless of the OS. The size of a double is explained in the documentation:

http://www.mathworks.com/help/matlab/matlab_prog/floating-point-numbers.html

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Answer by Jan
on 18 May 2018 at 7:17

Edited by James Tursa
on 18 May 2018 at 16:48

While 1. and 1.0 create completely equal values of type `double`, the abbreviated notation is not documented. I asked MathWorks' technical support some years ago, if `1.` and `.1` is guaranteed to work. The answer was, that only the formats, which can be created by `sprintf`, are documented to be accepted.

The abbreviated formats `1.` and `.1` worked in all Matlab releases (testes it since R4.1) and under Windows, Linux, MacOS 7 to 9 and MacOS X, but this is not documented. In addition it is less clear, most of all when the elementwise operators are used without surrounding spaces like in `2.*x` or `.2.*x` . Fortunately this does not influence the output, because it is a multiplication with a scalar in both cases. But typing a space or a 0 is very cheap and I do not see any reason to omit them. We are not writing code for 1kB machines anymore, where saving a byte matters.

When writing C code, "1" and "1.0" create an integer or double constant, but in Matlab both are doubles.

I recommend to write code with the highest possible clarity to improve the readability:

- If you want to emphasize that a constant is a floating point value, write "1.0" instead of "1" or "1."
- Add a leading 0 before the decimal point: "0.1" instead of ".1"
- Add spaces around operators, especially around the elementwise ".*" and "./" when there is a leading numerical constant

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Answer by KSSV
on 26 Mar 2016

There is no difference both (1.0 or 1.) are same in mathematics. Both are real numbers with same magnitude. In case of memory, 1.0 may occupy few bytes extra.

Stephen Cobeldick
on 26 Mar 2016

*"In case of memory, 1.0 may occupy few bytes extra."*

MATLAB uses IEC 754 floating point numbers, and the default number type is `double`. This means these two numbers will use **exactly the same amount of memory**: eight bytes. This is also easy to test:

>> A = 1.; >> B = 1.0; >> whos A B Name Size Bytes Class Attributes

A 1x1 8 double B 1x1 8 double

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Answer by Muhammad Usman Saleem
on 26 Mar 2016

Edited by Muhammad Usman Saleem
on 26 Mar 2016

only the difference is of more significant no. Both are same, but 1.0 has two significant figures than 1.

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